chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

american history > chapter 6 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 6 Deck (31):
1

Andrew Carnegie

owner of largest steel company
produced more steel than all the favorites in Europe

2

Bessemer process

injecting air into molten iron to remove carbon and other impurities

3

CF Dowd

came up with concept of time zones and railroad time

4

Christopher sholes

invented the typewriter

5

credit moblier

railroad company formed by officials of the Union Pacific to pocket more profit for themselves
scheme included congressmen and Vice President

6

Edwin drake

successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil
started oil boom in America

7

Eugene v debs

formed the American railway Union which focused on unskilled and semiskilled laborers (larger share of profits for working classes)

8

George Pullman

built a factory and town to produce sleeping cars and other railway cars

9

granger laws

Series of legislation across the Midwest to protect farmers from abuses by the railroads.

10

haymaker affair

3,000 people gathered to protest police brutality
bomb was thrown at police. Eight people charged with inciting a riot
public doesn't like unionism

11

holding company

did nothing but buy out the stock of competitors
consolidate businesses into one monopoly.

12

horizontal integration

Buying out competitors (similar products merge)
PRICE

13

industrial workers of the world

group of radical unionists and socialists

included miners, lumberers, and cannery and dock workers.

14

interstate commerce act

supervise railroad activity and set rates.

15

John d Rockefeller

established Standard Oil
largest and most powerful company in America.
company holds other company's stock in trust agreements to control an industry.

16

JP morgan

Owner of large investment company
purchased railroads
turned them into giant trusts

17

mother jones

In order to expose the cruelties of child labor
led 80 mill children on a march to see President Roosevelt.

18

munn vs Illinois

Supreme Court case
upheld Granger Laws as constitutional
gave the states the right to regulate the railroads.

19

robber baron

derogatory term applied to wealthy and powerful 19th-century American businessmen
exploitative practices to increase their wealth

20

Samuel Gompers

Led the Cigar makers union
joined it with the AFL

21

Sherman antitrust act

Made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade (between states or with other countries.)

22

social Darwinism

Justifies the doctrine of laissez faire, stipulates that success and failure in business were governed by natural law no one had the right to intervene in business.

23

steel

suspension bridges and skyscrapers were now possible.

24

Thomas Alva Edison

Nicknamed the Wizard of Menlo Park, invented the incandescent light bulb and the system for producing and distributing electricity.

25

transcontinental railroad

Starting in Omaha, NE in the east and Sacramento, CA in the west, it meets in Promontory Point, UT.

26

triangle shirtwaist fire

146 women die in horrific blaze.
Public outrage force New York to set up a task force to study factory working conditions.

27

vertical integration

Buying out suppliers
controlled all production
COST

28

Alexander graham bell

developed telephone

29

great strike of 1877

started in Baltimore
spread to a of American
shut down railroads
federal troops ended strike

30

yellow dog contracts

laborer a were promising not to join unions

31

yellow dog contracts

laborer a were promising not to join unions