chapter 7 Flashcards Preview

american history > chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (23):
1

angel island

Western gateway for many Asians immigrating to America.

2

melting pot

Mixture of people of different cultures and races who blended together by assimilation.

3

nativism

Overt favoritism toward native-born Americans.

4

Chinese exclusion act

Banned entry to America of all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials.

5

gentlemens agreement

Japanese government agreed to limit emigration to the US
exchange for repeal of the San Francisco segregation order.

6

urbanization

Movement to the cities, mostly in the Northeast and Upper Midwest.

7

Americanization movement

Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into American culture by educating them.

8

tenement

Multifamily urban dwellings, usually overcrowded and unsanitary.

9

mass transit

transportation systems designed to move massive amounts of people along fixed routes.

10

social gospel movement

Preached salvation through service to the poor.

11

settlement houses

Community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people, especially immigrants.

12

Jane Addams

Founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the most influential of the settlement houses.

13

political machine

An organized group that controlled the activities of a political party in a city. They offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for votes.

14

graft

Illegal use of political influence for personal gain.

15

boss tweed

Head of Tammany Hall in the 1870's

16

patronage

Giving of government jobs in exchange for helping getting a candidate elected to office.

17

Rutherford B Hayes

President elected in 1876, Fired two customshouse officials where jobs were controlled by Republicans.

18

James Garfield

President assassinated by Stalwart

19

stalwart

Those who oppose changes to the spoils system.

20

Chester a Arthur

Stalwart who turned reformer when he became President

21

Pendleton civil service act

Changed getting government jobs from patronage to merit based.

22

McKinley tariff act

Raised tariffs on manufactured goods to their highest levels.

23

Ellis island

Eastern gateway for many European immigrants coming to America