Flashcards in chapter 7 Deck (23):
Western gateway for many Asians immigrating to America.
Mixture of people of different cultures and races who blended together by assimilation.
Overt favoritism toward native-born Americans.
Chinese exclusion act
Banned entry to America of all Chinese except students, teachers, merchants, tourists, and government officials.
Japanese government agreed to limit emigration to the US
exchange for repeal of the San Francisco segregation order.
Movement to the cities, mostly in the Northeast and Upper Midwest.
Designed to assimilate people of wide-ranging cultures into American culture by educating them.
Multifamily urban dwellings, usually overcrowded and unsanitary.
transportation systems designed to move massive amounts of people along fixed routes.
social gospel movement
Preached salvation through service to the poor.
Community centers in slum neighborhoods that provided assistance to people, especially immigrants.
Founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the most influential of the settlement houses.
An organized group that controlled the activities of a political party in a city. They offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for votes.
Illegal use of political influence for personal gain.
Head of Tammany Hall in the 1870's
Giving of government jobs in exchange for helping getting a candidate elected to office.
Rutherford B Hayes
President elected in 1876, Fired two customshouse officials where jobs were controlled by Republicans.
President assassinated by Stalwart
Those who oppose changes to the spoils system.
Chester a Arthur
Stalwart who turned reformer when he became President
Pendleton civil service act
Changed getting government jobs from patronage to merit based.
McKinley tariff act
Raised tariffs on manufactured goods to their highest levels.