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Septate hypha
Coenocyte hypha
Vegetative hypha
Reproductive or aerial hypha
Pseudohypha

Different Hyphae

1

Contain cross-walls called septa
Units are uninucleate

Septate Hypha

2

Do not contain septa
Appear continuous with many nuclei

Coenocytic hypha

3

Portion of hypha that obtains nutrients

Vegetative hypha

4

Portions of hypha concerned with reproduction
Projects above surface
Often bear reproductive spores

Reproductive or Aerial Hypha

5

Found in some buffing yeast
Short chain of buds that is unable to detach

Pseudohypha

6

Entire vegetative structure body if fungus
Consist of long filaments of cells joined together

Thallus

7

Long filament of cells in fungi
Each fragment oh hypha capable of growth

Hypha

8

Mass of long filaments of cells that branch and intertwine

Mycelium

9

Yeast. Molds and mushrooms
Aerobic And anaerobic
Reproduce by spores
Both sexual and asexual

Fungi

10

chemoautotrophic

fungi

11

Type of conida formed by the fragment of a separated hypha into single slightly thickened cells
Coccidioides immitis

Arthroconidia

12

Type of conida that consist of buds coming off the parent cell.
Some yeast like Candida albicans produce

Blastoconidia

13

Unicellular or multicellular spore that is not encoded on a sac
They are produced on a chain at the end of a Conidiospore

Conidiospore

14

Arthrospore
Blastoconidia

Conidiospore

15

Chlamydospores
Sporangiophores

Asexual spores

16

Most common method of sexual
Reproduction in fungi
Born on mycelium
Formed by the hyphae of one organism. Produce by individual fungus through mitosis n cell divisions

Asexual spores

17

Formed from aerial hyphae
Sexual or asexual
True reproductive spore
Less tolerant to dry or hot environments

Fungal spores

18

Thick walled spores formed by rounding and enlargement within a hyphal segment.
Candida albicans

Chlamydospores

19

Formed within a sporangium or sac at the end of an aerial hypha
Ex. Rhizopus

Sporangiophores

20

1. Plasmogamy
2. Karyogamy
3. Meiosis

Sexual spore reproduction

21

Haploid nucleus of a donor cell (+) penetrates the cytoplasm of a recipient cell (-)

Plasmogamy

22

Then + and - nucleus fuse to form
Zygote

Karyogamy

23

The diploid nucleus gives rise to haploid nuclei (sexual spore) some of which genetic recombinant

Meiosis

24

Fusion of haploid cell

Zygospore

25

Formed in sac (ascus)

Ascospore

26

Formed externally on pedestal (basidium)

Basidispore

27

Fungal infection

Mycosis

28

Generally chronic
Difficult to treat because of similarities of animal and fungal cells

Fungal infection

29

Deep within the body through inhalation of spore
Not contagious
Histoplasmosis
Coccidioidomycosis

Systemic mycosis