Flashcards in Chapter 13 Psychology 175.102 Deck (58)
Changes in interpersonal thought, feeling and behaviour throughout the life span
The enduring ties of affection that children form with the primary caregivers. Includes a desire for proximity to an attachment figure, a sense of security derived from the person's presence and feelings of distress when the person is absent.
The ties that bind an infant to its caregivers. Harry Harlow
The tendency of young animals of certain species to follow an animal to which they were exposed during a sensitive period early in their lives
Distress at separation from their attachment figures
Secure attachment style
Infant who welcome their mothers return and seek closeness to her.
Avoidant attachment style
Infants who ignore the mother when she returns
Ambivalent attachment style
Infants who are angry and rejecting while simultaneously indicating a clear desire to be close to the mother
Disorganised attachment style
Behaving contradictory ways, indicating helpless efforts to elicit soothing responses from the attachment figure. They often approach the mother while simultaneously gazing away, or appearing disoriented, is manifested in stereotyped rocking and dazed facial expressions.
Internal working models
Or mental representations of attachment relationships that form the basis for expectations in close relationships
Refers to ways of experiencing attachment relationships in adulthood
Learning the rules, beliefs, values, skills, attitudes and behaviour patterns of your society. Children learned from a variety of socialisation agents, individuals and groups that transmit social knowledge and values to the child.
Parents place high-value on obedience and respect for authority
Parents imposed virtually no controls on the children, allowing them to make a own decisions whenever possible
Parents set standards for the children and firmly enforce them, but they also in courage give and take and explain Their views while showing respect for the children's opinions
Parents who consistently placed to own needs above the needs of the child
Guidance approach parenting
Parents help the children to manage their emotions, cooperate with others and think about the effects of their behaviour on others.
Specify the range of behaviours considered appropriate for males and females
Refers to the psychological meaning of being male or female, which influenced by learning
Refers to a biological categorisation based on genetic and anatomical differences
The process by which children acquire personality traits, emotional responses, skills, behaviours and preferences that are culturally considered appropriate to their sex.
Children who are disliked by their peers
Children who are ignored by their peers
The child's understanding of themselves, others and relationships
An organised view of ourselves or way of representing information about the self
The ability to understand other people's viewpoints or perspectives
Theory of mind
An implicit set of ideas about the existence of mental states, such as beliefs and feelings, in oneself and others
The ability to categorise themselves and others as either male or female
Occurs when children understand that their gender remains constant over time