Chapter 13 Psychology 175.102 Flashcards Preview

175.102 Psychology as a Natural Science > Chapter 13 Psychology 175.102 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Psychology 175.102 Deck (58)
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Social development

Changes in interpersonal thought, feeling and behaviour throughout the life span

1

Attachment

The enduring ties of affection that children form with the primary caregivers. Includes a desire for proximity to an attachment figure, a sense of security derived from the person's presence and feelings of distress when the person is absent.

2

Contact comfort

The ties that bind an infant to its caregivers. Harry Harlow

3

Imprinting

The tendency of young animals of certain species to follow an animal to which they were exposed during a sensitive period early in their lives

4

Separation anxiety

Distress at separation from their attachment figures

5

Secure attachment style

Infant who welcome their mothers return and seek closeness to her.

6

Avoidant attachment style

Infants who ignore the mother when she returns

7

Ambivalent attachment style

Infants who are angry and rejecting while simultaneously indicating a clear desire to be close to the mother

8

Disorganised attachment style

Behaving contradictory ways, indicating helpless efforts to elicit soothing responses from the attachment figure. They often approach the mother while simultaneously gazing away, or appearing disoriented, is manifested in stereotyped rocking and dazed facial expressions.

9

Internal working models

Or mental representations of attachment relationships that form the basis for expectations in close relationships

10

Adult attachment

Refers to ways of experiencing attachment relationships in adulthood

11

Socialisation

Learning the rules, beliefs, values, skills, attitudes and behaviour patterns of your society. Children learned from a variety of socialisation agents, individuals and groups that transmit social knowledge and values to the child.

12

Authoritarian parenting

Parents place high-value on obedience and respect for authority

13

Permissive parenting

Parents imposed virtually no controls on the children, allowing them to make a own decisions whenever possible

14

Authoritative parenting

Parents set standards for the children and firmly enforce them, but they also in courage give and take and explain Their views while showing respect for the children's opinions

15

Uninvolved parenting

Parents who consistently placed to own needs above the needs of the child

16

Guidance approach parenting

Parents help the children to manage their emotions, cooperate with others and think about the effects of their behaviour on others.

17

Gender roles

Specify the range of behaviours considered appropriate for males and females

18

Gender

Refers to the psychological meaning of being male or female, which influenced by learning

19

Sex

Refers to a biological categorisation based on genetic and anatomical differences

20

Sex typing

The process by which children acquire personality traits, emotional responses, skills, behaviours and preferences that are culturally considered appropriate to their sex.

21

Rejected children

Children who are disliked by their peers

22

Neglected children

Children who are ignored by their peers

23

Social cognition

The child's understanding of themselves, others and relationships

24

Self-concept

An organised view of ourselves or way of representing information about the self

25

Perspective taking

The ability to understand other people's viewpoints or perspectives

26

Theory of mind

An implicit set of ideas about the existence of mental states, such as beliefs and feelings, in oneself and others

27

Gender identity

The ability to categorise themselves and others as either male or female

28

Gender stability

Occurs when children understand that their gender remains constant over time

29

Gender constancy

Occurs when children learn that a persons gender cannot be altered by changes in appearance or activities