Flashcards in Chapter 6 Psychology 175.102 Deck (57)
Any enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience.
A behaviour that is elicited automatically by an environmental stimulus.
Something in the environment that elicits a response
Refers to the decreasing strength of a reflex response after repeated presentations of the stimulus
Laws of Association
Conditions under which one thought becomes connected, or associated, with another
Law of contiguity
Proposes that two events will become connected in the mind if they are experienced close together in time
Law of similarity
States that objects that resemble each other are likely to become associated
The first type of learning to be studied systematically. An environmental stimulus leads to a learned response, through pairing of the of an unconditioned stimulus the previously neutral conditioned stimulus. Ivan Pavlov
A form of learning
A reflex that occurs naturally, without prior learning
The stimulus that produces a response in an unconditioned reflex.
Unconditioned response (UCR)
A response does not have to be learned.
Conditioned response (CR)
The response that has to be learned
Conditioned stimulus (CS)
A stimulus that, through learning, has come to evoke a conditioned response.
The stage of learning in which the condition response becomes associated with the conditioned stimulus.
Conditioned emotional responses
Okay when formally neutral stimulus is paired with a stimulus that evokes an emotional response.
Irrational fears of specific objects or situations
The system of cells throughout the body that fights disease
When an organism responds to stimuli that resemble the conditioned stimulus with a similar response.
The learned tendency to respond to a restricted range of stimuli or only to the stimulus used during training.
In classical conditioning extinction refers to the process by which the conditioned response is weakened by presentation of the conditioned stimulus without the unconditioned stimulus.
The re-emergence of a previously extinguished conditioned response.
The time between presentation of the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus
Learning to operate on the environment to produce a consequence.
Behaviours that are emitted (spontaneously produced) rather than elicited by the environment.
And environmental consequence that increases the probability that a response will occur.
In environmental consequence that decreases the likelihood that a responsible will occur.
The process whereby presentation of a stimulus after a behaviour makes the behaviour more likely to occur again.
An environmental consequence that, when presented, strengthens the probability that a response will recur.