Flashcards in Chapter 13: Urinary System: From Glomeruli to Your Urethral Opening Deck (29):
Removal of small substances from the body such as via the kidneys.
Kidneys, large intestine, liver, lungs, lymph nodes, skin, and spleen.
Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.
Breakdown products of especially amino acids but also nucleic acids that must be removed from the body.
Nitrogenous waste that, if allowed to accumulate, results in a rising of the pH of tissues.
Less-toxic nitrogenous waste product of the chemical reaction between two molecules of ammonia and one of carbon dioxide.
Primary excretory organs involved especially in the production of urine.
The blood filtration, tubular secretion, and tubular reabsorption functional units of the kidney.
Removal of relatively small substances from the plasma.
Network of capillaries from which the initial step of kidney function, blood filtration, occurs.
Material received by Bowman's capsule representing the product of the first step of kidney-mediated filtration of blood.
Nephron receiving point of glomerular filtrate.
Carrier of glomerular filtrate through much of the nephron especially within the renal cortex.
Immediately post-nephron tubes found within kidneys through which still-forming urine passes.
Product of kidney function that passes into the renal pelvis and then into ureters.
Product of kidney functioning possessing relatively low levels of water.
Product of kidney functioning possessing relatively high levels of water.
Tubes connecting kidneys to bladder.
Collecting organ of the water and wastes excreted by the kidney.
Tube connecting the bladder to outside of the body.
Effector of involuntary control over voiding of the bladder.
Internal urethral sphincter
Effector of voluntary control over voiding of the bladder.
External urethral sphincter
Drug that increases the amount of water present in urine.
Clinical term for urination, i.e., the voiding on one's bladder.
Voluntary control over urination.
Inflammation of the urinary bladder such as caused by urinary tract infections.
Common name for renal calculus.
Lack of sufficient filtration of the blood by the kidneys.