Flashcards in Chapter 7: Endocrine System: Hormones Deck (29):
Chemical signaling molecules that function systemically, that is, following entrance into the blood.
Epithelial tissue that releases hormones directly into the blood.
Localized cell-to-cell communication mediated by intentionally cell-produced molecules.
Hormone-like chemicals that are released from the same cell that they act upon.
Region of the brain that controls the release of hormones by the pituitary gland.
Hypothalamus-associated gland responsible for releasing numerous hormones including oxytocin and growth hormone.
Regulator of the reabsorption of water during urine formation such that the urine becomes less dilute.
Hormone that affects the functioning of the uterus as well as mammary glands, resulting in contraction of associated smooth muscles.
Neck-located gland that produces an iodine-containing hormone that is necessary for maintaining normal metabolic rate, growth, and development.
Iodine-containing hormone that is necessary for maintaining a normal metabolic rate.
Source of a hormone that has the effect of increasing blood calcium levels when those levels otherwise are low
Kidney associated gland responsible for producing the hormones epinephrine and cortisol among others.
Portion of gland responsible for producing the hormones epinephrine as well as norepinephrine
Substance substantially responsible for hormonally effecting fight-or-flight responses.
Gland associated with the production of glucocorticoid hormones as well as the hormone, aldosterone.
Diversity of lipid-soluble, blood circulating compounds that resemble in structure the membrane compound, cholesterol.
Glucocorticoid involved in the regulation of blood glucose levels as well as levels of body stress.
Mineralocorticoid involved in the regulation of blood sodium ion and potassium ion levels.
Hormone responsible for stimulating production of new red blood cells.
Primary producer of androgens by males.
Testes (as endocrine gland)
Various primary male sex hormones.
Primary producer of estrogens by females.
Ovaries (as endocrine gland)
Various primary female sex hormones.
Primary means of blood circulation of chemical energy.
Organ responsible for producing insulin in response to high blood glucose levels.
Pancreas (as endocrine gland)
Hormone responsible for signaling various cell types to take up excess glucose from the blood.
Hormone responsible for signaling various cell types to release glucose into the blood.
Disease of excessive blood glucose associated with decreased ability to produce insulin.
Diabetes mellitus Type 1