Flashcards in Chapter 6: Nervous System II: Brain, Spinal Cord, Special Senses Deck (34):
Animal body principal control center.
That aspect of the central nervous system that is rich in cell bodies while poor in myelin.
That aspect of the central nervous system that is rich in myelin while poor in cell bodies.
Part of the brain responsible for highest levels of integration of information.
Primary location of gray matter representing the surface of the forebrain.
Region of the hindbrain that is involved predominantly in refining the control of movement.
Lower most portion of the brain responsible for maintaining many low level but nonetheless crucial homeostatic functions of the body.
Portion of brainstem involved primarily in connecting together other regions of the brain.
The portion of the brainstem that is found immediately adjacent to the spinal cord.
Neurotransmitter involved, in part and crucially, in the brain's reward and motivation.
Neurotransmitter that motivates appetite, mood, and sleep as well as gut motility.
Means of visualizing the activity of the brain by measuring the electrical activity along the scalp.
Primary connection in vertebrates between the brain and the rest of the body.
Spinal cord protective covering and dominant endoskeletal support structure in most animals possessing spinal cords.
Individual bones making up the neck, spine, sacrum, and tailbone.
Shock absorbing connective tissue joining the ventral bodies of vertebrae.
Balance, hearing, sight, smell, and taste.
Sense of balance.
Inner ear associated means by which mammals sustain their balance.
Three tubes found in each ear that detect the acceleration of the head.
Means by which changes in head position is detected such as relative to the center of the Earth.
The site of the first step in the conversion of vibrations of sound into vibration of tissue.
Means of air pressure equalization as well as drainage of the middle ear.
Inner ear organ which converts fluid movement that originated as sound vibrations into action potentials.
Transparent front of the eye.
Location of the visual receptors of the eye.
Low light visual receptors of the eye.
Visual receptors of the eye specialized for distinguishing among colors.
Neural connection between the eyes and the brain.
Perception of odors.
Proteins associated with specialized cells found on the tongue that are responsible for detecting the flavors bitter, salty, sour, sweet, and umami.
Loss of transparency of the lens of the eye.
Eye disease characterized by excess pressure of the aqueous humor and blindness if left untreated.