Chapter 15 Flashcards Preview

Emergency Medical Technician book > Chapter 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 15 Deck (23):
1

aneurysm

A swelling or enlargement of part of a blood vessel, resulting from weakening of the vessel wall

2

aphasia

The inability to understand and/or produce speech

3

aura

A sensation experienced prior to a seizure; serves as a warning sign that a seizure is about to occur

4

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

An interruption of blood flow to the brain that results in the loss of brain function. Also called a stroke.

5

coma

A state of profound unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused

6

dysarthria

Slurred speech

7

embolus

Clotting that forms in a remote area and travels to the site of blockage

8

febrile seizures

Seizures that result from sudden high fevers, particularly in children

9

generalized seizure

A seizure characterized by severe twitching of all of the body's muscles that may last several minutes or more; formerly known as a grand mal seizure

10

hemiparesis

Weakness on one side of the body

11

hemorrhagic stroke

One of the two main types of stoke; occurs as a result of bleeding inside the brain

12

hypoglycemia

A condition characterized by a low blood glucose level

13

incontinence

Loss of bowel and/or bladder control; may be the result of a generalized seizure

14

ischemia

A lack of oxygen in the cells of the brain that causes them to not function properly

15

ischemic stroke

One of the two main types of stoke; occurs when blood flow to a particular part of the brain is cut off by a blockage (eg a clot) inside a blood vessel

16

partial seizure

A seizure affecting a limited portion of the brain

17

postictal state

A period following a seizure that lasts between 5 and 30 minutes; characterized by labored respirations and some degree of altered mental status

18

seizure

Generalized, uncoordinated muscular activity associated with loss of consciousness; a convulsion

19

status epilepticus

A condition in which seizures recur every few minutes or last more than 30 minutes

20

stroke

An interruption of blood flow to the brain that results in the loss of brain function; also called a cerebrovascular accident (CVA)

21

thrombosis

Clotting of the cerebral arteries that may result in the interruption of cerebral blood flow and subsequent stroke

22

tonic-clonic seizure

A type of seizure that features rhythmic back-and-forth motion of an extremity and body stiffness

23

transient ischemic attack (TIA)

A disorder of the brain in which brain cells temporarily stop working because of insufficient oxygen, causing strokelike symptoms that resolve completely within 24 hours of onset