Chapter 37 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 37 Deck (17):
1

access

Gaining entry to an enclosed area and reaching a patient

2

command post

The location of the incident commander at the scene of an emergency and where command, coordination, control, and communication are centralized

3

complex access

Complicated entry that requires special tools and training and includes breaking windows or using other force

4

danger zone (hot zone)

An area where individuals can be exposed to electrical hazards such as sharp metal edges, broken glass, toxic substances, lethal rays, or ignition or explosion of hazardous materials

5

entrapment

To be caught (trapped) within a vehicle, room, or container with no way out or to have a limb or other body part trapped

6

extrication

Removal of a patient from entrapment or a dangerous situation or position, such as removal from a wrecked vehicle, industrial accident, or building collapse

7

hazardous materials

Any substances that are toxic, poisonous, radioactive, flammable, or explosive and cause injury or death with exposure

8

incident commander

The individual who has overall command of the incident in the field

9

safe zone

An area of protection providing safety from the danger zone (hot zone)

10

self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA)

Respirator with independent air supply used by fire fighters to enter toxic and otherwise dangerous atmospheres

11

simple access

Access that is easily achieved without the use of tools or force

12

size-up

The ongoing process of information gathering and scene evaluation to determine appropriate strategies and tactics to manage an emergency

13

special weapons and tactics team (SWAT)

A specialized law enforcement tactical unit

14

structure fire

A fire in a house, apartment building, office, school, plant, warehouse, or other building

15

tactical situation

A hostage, robbery, or other situation in which armed conflict is threatened or shots have been fired and the threat of violence remains

16

technical rescue group

A team of individuals from one or more departments in a region who are trained and on call for certain types of technical rescue

17

technical rescue situation

A rescue that requires special technical skills and equipment in one of many specialized rescue areas, such as technical rope rescue, cave rescue, and dive rescue