Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

Emergency Medical Technician book > Chapter 17 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (27):
1

acidosis

A pathologic condition that results from the accumulation of acids in the body

2

aplastic crisis

A condition in which the body stops producing red blood cells; typically caused by infection

3

diabetes mellitus

A metabolic disorder in which the ability to metabolize carbohydrates (sugars) is impaired, usually because of a lack of insulin

4

diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)

A form of hyperglycemia in uncontrolled diabetes in which certain acids accumulate when insulin is not available

5

endocrine glands

Glands that secrete or release chemicals that are used inside the body

6

endocrine system

Regulates metabolism and maintains homeostasis

7

glucose

One of the basic sugars; it is the primary fuel, in conjunction with oxygen, for cellular metabolism

8

hematology

The study and prevention of blood-related disorders

9

hemolytic crisis

A rapid destruction of red blood cells that occurs faster than the body's ability to create new cells

10

hemophilia

A congential abnormality in which the body is unable to produce clots, which results in uncontrollable bleeding

11

hormone

A chemical substance produced by a gland that regulates the activity of organs and tissues

12

hyperglycemia

An abnormally high glucose level in the blood

13

hyperglycemic crisis

A state of unconsciousness resulting from several problems, including ketoacidosis, dehydration because of excessive urination, and hyperglycemia

14

hypoglycemia

An abnormally low glucose level in the blood

15

hypoglycemic crisis

Severe hypoglycemia resulting in changes in mental status

16

insulin

A hormone produced by the islets of Langerhans (endocrine gland located throughout the pancreas) that enables glucose in the blood to enter cells; used in synthetic form to treat and control diabetes mellitus

17

Kussmaul respirations

Deep, rapid breathing; usually the result of an accumulation of certain acids when insulin is not available in the body

18

polydipsia

Excessive thirst that persists for long periods, despite reasonable fluid intake; of ten the result of excessive urination

19

polyphagia

Excessive eating; in diabetes, the inability to use glucose properly can cause a sense of hunger

20

polyuria

The passage of an unusually large volume of urine in a given period; in diabetes, this can result from the wasting of glucose in the urine

21

sickle cell disease

A hereditary disease that causes normal round red blood cells to become oblong, or sickle shaped

22

splenic sequestration crisis

An acute painful enlargement of the spleen caused by sickle cell disease

23

thrombophilia

A tendency toward the development of blood clots as a result of an abnormality of the system of coagulation

24

thrombosis

A blood clot, either in the arterial or venous system

25

type 1 diabetes

The type of diabetic disease that typically develops in childhood and requires synthetic insulin for proper treatment and control

26

type 2 diabetes

The type of diabetic disease that typically develops in later life and often can be controlled through diet and oral medications

27

vaso-occlusive crisis

Ischemia and pain caused by sickle-shaped red blood cells that obstruct blood flow to a portion of the body