Chapter 32 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 32 Deck (22):
1

adolescents

children between 12 to 18 years of age

2

apparent life-threatening event (ALTE)

An event that causes unresponsiveness, cyanosis, and apnea in an infant, who then resumes breathing with stimulation

3

blanching

Turning white

4

bradypnea

Slow respiratory rate; ominous sign in a child that indicates impending respiratory arrest

5

central pulses

Pulses that are closest to the core (central) part of the body where the vital organs are located; include the carotid, femoral, and apical pulses

6

child abuse

A general term applying to all forms of child abuse and neglect

7

generalized tonic-clonic seizure

A seizure that features rhythmic back-and-forth motion of an extremity and body stiffness

8

infancy

The first year of life

9

grunting

An "uh" sound heard during exhalation; reflects the child's attempt to keep the alveoli open; a sign of increased work of breathing

10

nares

The external openings of the nostrils. A single nostril opening is called a naris.

11

Neisseria meningitides

A form of bacterial meningitis characterized by rapid onset of symptoms, often leading to shock and death

12

pediatric assessment triangle (PAT)

A structure assessment tool that allows you to rapidly form a general impression of the infant or child without touching him or her; consists of assessing appearance, work of breathing, and circulation to the skin

13

pediatrics

A specialized medical practice devoted to the care of the young

14

pertussis

An acute infectious disease characterized by a catarrhal stage, followed by a proxysmal cough that ends in a whooping inspiration. Also called whooping cough.

15

preschool-age

Children between 3 to 6 years of age

16

school-age

Children between 6 to 12 years of age

17

shaken baby syndrome

A syndrome seen in abused infants and children; the patient has been subjected to violent, whiplash-type shaking injuries inflicted by the abusing individual that may cause coma, seizures, and increased intracranial pressure due to tearing of the cerebral veins with consequent bleeding into the brain

18

sniffing position

Optimum neutral head position for the uninjured child who requires airway management

19

sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Death of an infant or young child that remains unexplained after a complete autopsy

20

toddler

The period following infancy until 3 years of age

21

tachypnea

Increased respiratory rate

22

work of breathing

An indicator of oxygenation and ventilation. Work of breathing reflects the child's attempt to compensate for hypoxia.