Chapter 19 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 19 Deck (18):
1

addiction

A state of overwhelming obsession or physical need to continue the use of a drug or agent

2

antidote

A substance that is used to neutralize or counteract a poison

3

delirium tremens (DTs)

A severe withdrawal syndrome seen in alcoholics who are deprive of ethyl alcohol; characterized by restlessness, fever, sweating, disorientation, agitation, and seizures; can be fatal if untreated

4

emesis

Vomiting

5

hallucinogens

Agents that produce false perceptions in any one of the five senses

6

hematemesis

Vomiting blood

7

hypntoic

A sleep-inducing effect or agent

8

ingestion

Swallowing; taking a substance by mouth

9

opioids

Any drug or agent with actions similar to morphine

10

overdose

An excessive quantity of a drug which, when taken or administered, can have toxic or lethal consequences

11

poison

A substance whose chemical action could damage structures or impair function when introduced into the body

12

sedative

A substance that decreases activity and excitement

13

stimulant

An agent that produces an excited state

14

substance abuse

The misuse of any substance to produce some desired effect

15

tolerance

The need for increasing amounts of a drug to obtain the same effect

16

toxicology

The study of toxic or poisonous substances

17

toxin

The study of toxic or poisonous substances

18

vomitus

Vomited material