Chapter 17 Review Sheet Flashcards Preview

MWHS Modern World History 11 Heibert > Chapter 17 Review Sheet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 17 Review Sheet Deck (37):
1

Humanism

Intellectual movement; human potential / achievements

2

Secular

worldly rather than spiritual; the here and now

3

Perspective

artistic techniques; 3D on a flat surface

4

Patrons

persons who support artists (financially)

5

Vernacular

everyday language of people in a region / country

6

Indulgences

pardon / release from sin

7

Reformation

movement for religious reform

8

Lutherns

Martin Luther and his followers

9

Annulm

set aside

10

Anglican

Church of England = return to protestantism (Elizabeth I)

11

Predestination

belief that God has known since the beginning of time who will be saved

12

Theocracy

government controlled by religious leaders

13

Calvinism

religion based o Calvin's teachings; men /women winful by nature

14

Presbyterian

followers of Knox; governed by elders

15

Anabaptist

church / state separated; refused to fight in wars, rebaptized

16

Jesuits

Society of Jesus; followed 3 activities; Schools were non-Christian = Catholicism stop the spread of Protestantism

17

Catholic Reformatioin

help Catholics remain loyal

18

Petrarch

humanist, poet (sonnets) ideal : Laura

19

Castiglione

wrote "The Courtier" which taught you how to be a renaissance man

20

Da Vinci

painter, sculptor, inventor, scientist (renaissance man) Mona Lisa, The Last Supper

21

Michelangelo

Sistine chapel, David

22

Raphael

used perspective; favorite subject, Madonna and Child

23

Dante

wrote in Italian, self expression, medieval writer

24

Donatello

sculptor, carved natural postures / expressions, personalties

25

Machiavelli

"The Prince" must be crafty and feared

26

Lorenzo D' Medici

dictator (Florence) patron of the arts

27

Jan Van Eyck

Flemish painter; used layers of paint

28

Erasmus

"The Praise of Folly" Christianity of the heart, not ceremonies / rules

29

Johan Gutenbg

printing press

30

Martin Luther

"95 theses" faith alone = salvation; against indulgences

31

Johan Tetzel

sold indulgences to pay for St Peters

32

John Calvin

Institutes of the Christian Religion = predestination

33

Ulrich Zwingli

Switzerland = Protestantism = return to personal faith

34

Henry III

King of England; head of Church of England; granted a divorce

35

Catherine of Aragon

wife of Henry III; mother of Mary

36

John Knox

Scottish, helped remove Mary, Queen of Scots (Catholic)

37

Ignatius of Loyla

society of Jesus; Jesuits