Chapter 21 Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Test Review Deck (47)
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1

The Theory of ______ claims that God has chosen the monarch to rule

Divine Right

2

Philip II of _______ was a strong ______ who believed it was necessary to punish the _____ nation of ______

Spain, Catholic, Protestant, England

3

Philip II sent the Armada against Elizabeth I for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. English ships had been committing acts of piracy against Spain
B. The Netherlands (Dutch) requested Philip's help in revolting against England
C. Elizabeth had Mary Queen of Scots executed
D. Elizabeth had rejected Philip's marriage proposal

B. The Netherlands (Dutch) requested Philip's help in revolting against England

4

All of the following were reasons for Spain's decline as a European power EXCEPT
A. high inflation and an unfair tax system
B. Spain's American colonies had revolted and gained independence
C. Spain's enemies got rich off of Spanish gold and silver
D. The defeat of the Armada

C. Spain's enemies got rich off of spanish gold and silver

5

French King Henry IV converted to _____ but issued the _____ to protect members of his former religion

Catholicism, Edict of Nantes

6

Louis XIII's chief advisor was _____ who believed the key to royal authority was controlling the_____ of France

Cardinal Richelieu, nobles

7

Louis XIV once said "_______ _______ __ ______" in regards to his importance to France

"I am the State"

8

Which of the following is considered a NEGATIVE result of Louis XIV's rule of France
A. France gained territory and North American colonies
B. The palace of Versailles' cost
C. France became a cultural center of Europe
D. Louis made France self-sufficient economically

B. The palace of Versailles' cost

9

All of the following are true about the Palace of Versailles EXCEPT
A. It took 47 years to build
B. Everything was made with of covered in gold
C. 1/2 of French taxes went towards its maintenance
D. Louis rarely stayed there and used it only as a vacation home

D. Louis rarely stayed there and used it only as a vacation home

10

Which of the family is INCORRECTLY matched with the country they ruled?
A. Bourbons & France
B. Hohenzollerns & Prussia
C. Romanovs & Poland
D. Habsburgs & Austria

C. Romanovs & Poland

11

The ________ ended the 30 Years War

Peace of Westphalia

12

Maria Theresa inherited the throne of_____ and was constantly harassed by the country of ______

Austria, Prussia

13

Peter the Great attempted to control the ______ Church of Russia

Eastern Orthodox

14

Peter had the city of_______ built as his "window to the west"

St. Petersburg

15

The following can all be considered weaknesses of absolutism EXCEPT
A. Lower classes tend to be exploited
B. Little religious tolerance is practiced
C. Nationalism is promoted
D. Tradition stands in the way of progress

D. Tradition stands in the way of progress

16

Theory of all power resting with one ruler

Absolutism

17

Decree allowing Protestant free worship in France

Edict of Nantes

18

Landowning nobles in Russian society

Junkers

19

Prussian nobles, given special military status

Boyars

20

Theory stating God chooses rulers of nations

Divine Right

21

Title given to head of Russian government

Czar

22

War where France lost colonies to England

7 Years War

23

Policy of Making "modern" reforms

Westernization

24

French Protestants

Huguenots

25

War fought between Protestants and Catholics

30 Years War

26

Mother of 3 kings of France

Catherine de Medici

27

Advisor to Louis XIII

Cardinal Richelieu

28

Author of "Don Quixote", first novel

Miguel Cervantes

29

French king who converted to Catholicism

Henry IV

30

Spanish King who was a devout Catholic

Philip II