Chapter 23 Test Review Flashcards Preview

MWHS Modern World History 11 Heibert > Chapter 23 Test Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 23 Test Review Deck (69):
1

The political philosophy that wants to do away with all modern institutions and return to the "good old days" is:
A. radical
B. moderate
C. conservative
D. reactionary

D. reactionary

2

The group on the political spectrum who believes in change only when necessary is:
A. radical
B. moderate
C. conservative
D. reactionary

B. moderate

3

The middle class of the 3rd estate in French society were the ________who owned land, but paid most of their income in taxes
A. bourgeoisie
B. peasants
C. clergy
D. nobles

A. bourgeoisie

4

All of the following contributed to economic problems in France prior to 1789 EXCEPT;
A. Heavy taxes on France's 3rd estate
B. Britain's blockade on French ports
C. Extravagant spending by France's royal family
D. Financial aid given to America during the American Revolution

B. Britain's blockade on French ports

5

Louis XVI called a meeting of the ______ for the first time in ______ years
A. National Convention, 100
B. Committee of Public Safety, 150
C. Estates General, 175
D. Directory, 200

C. Estates General, 175

6

The Tennis Court Oath was taken by members of the newly formed _______
A. Directory
B. Estates General
C. Committee of Public safety
D. National Assembly

D. National Assembly

7

The following events are all considered RADICAL actions EXCEPT:
A. Storming the Bastille
B. The Reign of Terror
C. Declaration of the Rights of Man
D. The Great Fear

C. Declaration of the Rights of Man

8

The ------were French nobles who supported the monarchy, but fled to foreign countries
A. Emigres
B. San-culotte
C. Jacobins
D. Guerillas

A. Emigrees

9

The final victim of the Reign of terror was______
A. Marat
B. Robespierre
C. Danton
D. Guerillas

B. Robespierre

10

Napoleon was born on the island of _____, and finally exiled to the island of:
A. Crete, St helena
B. Corsica. St. Helena
C. Sicily, Elba
D. Corsica, Elba

B. Corsica, St. Helena

11

Which of the following was NOT a reform of Napoleon regarding French society
A. Napoleonic Code of Lae
B. Establishment of state-run public schools (lycees)
C. Signing the Concordat with the Catholic Church
D. Declaration of the Rights of Man

D. Declaration of the Rights of Man

12

Napoleon intended to punish the nation of ____ for breaking the Continental System
A. Russia
B. Great Britain
C. Austria
D. United States

A. Russia

13

The battle that gave Great Britain control of the seas was:
A. Borodino
B. Waterloo
C. Trafalgar
D. Austerlitz

C. Trafalgar

14

The "architect" of the Congress system after Napoleon's Defeat was the Austrian leader:
A. Metternich
B. Louis XVIII
C. Alexander I
D. Francis I

A. Metternich

15

The concept of placing the old ruling families of Europe back on their "Rightful" thrones:
A. Divine Right
B. Balance of power
C. liberalism
D. Legitimacy

D. legitimacy

16

Soldiers who used hit and run tactics in small groups?

Guerilla

17

Period where peasants revolted against feudal traditions

Great fear

18

New killing machine of the Reign of Terror "National Razor"?

Guillotine

19

Anti-nobility group; "those without knee britches"

Sans-culotte

20

One of the class divisions in Old Regime France

Estate

21

One of the government-run public schools under Napoleon?

Lycee

22

Process of gaining voter-approval through a vote

Plebiscite

23

A forceful seizure of power "blow to the state"

Coup d'etat

24

Legislative body that had not met for 175 years

Estates General

25

Agreement restoring the Catholic Church's importance

Concordat

26

Agreement of reps not to leave without a constitution

Tennis Court Oath

27

French nobles who fled the country during the French Revolution

Emigres

28

A strategy of burning any supplies /lands for the enemy

Scorched Earth

29

Concept of no country becoming too influential politically

Balance of power

30

Using the Navy to forcefully close ports

Blockade

31

Period of many executions of revolutionary "enemies"

Reign of terror

32

Approval by a vote of the people

Plebiscite

33

Group formed by the 3rd Estate after being locked out

National Assembly

34

Jacobin writer, murdered in his bathtub

Jean-Paul Marat

35

King of France, eventually executed as a traitor

Louis XVI

36

Czar of Russia, enemy of Napoleon

Alexander I

37

King of France after Napoleon's defeat

Louis XVIII

38

Jacobin speaker, executed by Robespierre

Georges Danton

39

Emperor of France who crowned himself

Napoleon Bonaparte

40

Queen of France, "Madame Deficit"

Marie Antoinette

41

Brother of Napoleon king of Spain

Joseph Bonaparte

42

Radical political group who began Reign of Terror

Jacobins

43

Radical political writer who called for executions

Jean-Paul Marat

44

Leader of the Jacobin party head of the reign of Terror

Robespierre

45

Leader of the British forces at Waterloo. defeated Napoleon?

Duke of Wellington

46

King of France, responsible for many problems

Louis XVI

47

Austrian leader / politician at the Congress of Vienna

Metternich

48

Prussian king who helped to defeat Napoleon

Jean-Paul Marat

49

True or False
Liberals believe in change within the system of laws

True

50

True or False
Reactionaries want the greatest amount of change in the shortest time

False

51

True or False
The 1st 2 Estates were exempt from taxation during the Old Regime

True

52

True or False
The Jacobins were a radical group within the National Conventioin

False

53

True or False
Moderates sat on the left of the meeting hall in French government

False

54

True or False
Napoleon came to power through a plebisite

False

55

True or False
Russia used scorched-earth tactics to defeat Napoleon's invasion

True

56

True or False
Napoleon was defeated for the final time at Waterloo

True

57

True or False
The Congress of Vienna established the Bourbon family as monarchs of France

False

58

True or False
Conservatives believe in change within the system of laws?

False

59

True or False
The bourgeoisie made up the 1st Estate during the Old Regime

False

60

True or False
Louis XVI called the Estates General together for the first time in 175 years

True

61

True or False
The storming of the Bastille and Great Fear were radical events

True

62

True or False
The Jacobins were a reactionary group in the National Convention

False

63

True or False
The Catholic Church was closed down during the Reign of Terror

True

64

True or False
Napoleon came to power through a sans-culotte

False

65

True or False
Napoleon's chief rival in Europe was Great Britain

True

66

True or False
Napoleon was executed by the guillotine

False

67

True or False
The Holy Alliance and Concert of Europe were created at the Congress of Vienna

True

68

Essay Question #1: Write an essay where you analyze to what degree one of the following factors contributed to the French revolution; The Enlightenment, The Estates System or the royal family

Essay #1

69

Essay #2: Opinion, was the Reign of Terror an overall positive or negative event for France during the Revolution? Analyze the positives or negatives in detail, and defend your position

Essay #2