Chapter 20 Review Sheet Flashcards Preview

MWHS Modern World History 11 Heibert > Chapter 20 Review Sheet > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 20 Review Sheet Deck (49)
Loading flashcards...
1

Colony

Land controlled by another nation

2

Conquistador

The Spanish soldiers, explorers, fortune tellers who conquered Americas in 16th century

3

Mestizo

A person of mixed Spanish and Native American ancestry

4

Encomienda

A grant of land made by Spanish to American settlers, included right to use Native Americans for forced labor

5

New France

French colony in North America. Lots of resources (timber/fur) available for trade

6

Pilgrims

Founded Plymouth in MA to escape religious persecution in 1620.

7

Puritans

sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding colony in MA Bay in early 1600's

8

Atlantic Slave Trade

Buying, transporting, selling of Africans for work in Americas

9

Triangular Trade

Slaves and goods like rum and sugar were traded between Africa, Europe, Americas, England and West Indies.

10

Middle Passage

Voyage that brought Africans to West Indies and Americas for slaves. Unbearable conditions

11

Colombian Exchange

Global transfer of plants, animals and diseases that occurred during the European colonization of Americas

12

Capitalism

Based on private property, ownership, and profit

13

Joint-stock Company

a business where investors pool their wealth to grow the business and the share the profit. They also share the risks.

14

Mercantilism

National wealth = power = government. Sell goods back to the colony for more money even though the government used the colonies resources to make the goods.

15

Favorable Balance of Trade

Export / sell more than you import / buy

16

Christopher Columbus

Genease sea captain, searched for alternate route to Asia. Found Carribean

17

Ferdinand Magellan

Tried to sail around the world in 1519. Got killed. Thought he was in East India

18

Americo Vespucci

Italian. In service for Portugal. Traveled along the East coast of South America 1st to say that land was not Asia, but a new world named America after him.

19

Pedro Alvares Cabral

1500 - claimed Brazil for Portugal

20

Hernando Cortez

Conquistador. Landed in Mexico. Conquered Incas.

21

Montezuma II

Ruler of the Aztec Impire

22

Francisco Pizarro

conquered Incas

23

Atahualpa

Ruler of the Incas. Executed during Pizarro's conquest

24

Jaques Cartier

French explorer, discovered St. Lawrence River and Montreal for the French

25

Duke of York

Brother of Charles II --- Drove out the Dutch --- New York

26

King James I

King of England, gave permission for puritans and pilgrims to establish the new world

27

Metacom

aka King Phillip, war chief of the Riompanoag. Originally lived peacefully with the pilgrims eventually allowed himself to become subject of English in th1 1670's

28

Henry Hudson

Sailed to the Americas for the Dutch

29

Columbus and the beginnings of European exploration/colonization

Searching for a quicker route to the Caribbean. Inspired wave of exploration. Explorers set out and claimed land for King and Country.

30

The "3 G's" of Exploration

Glory, Gold, God