Flashcards in Chapter 21 Review sheet Deck (46)
Absolutism is the idea of:
COMPLETE & UNRESTRICTED power of the government (king or queen).
Divine Right is the idea that:
GOD CREATED the monarch (King or Queen) to be GOD's REPRESENTATIVE on Earth. The monarch only has to answer to GOD.
Edict of Nantes
The Edict of Nantes was a document of RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE towards the Huguenots signed by KING HENRY
Intendants are GOVERNMENT AGENTS of the FRENCH government who collected taxes and administered justice
The Huguenots are French Protestants (non-Catholics that follow the teachings of Martin Luther).
Thirty Years War
The 30 years war was a conflict over RELIGION and TERRITORY. Power for the European ruling families
Seven Years War
The Seven Years War was a conflict between the major Europe, North America and India.
The Junkers were LAND OWNING NOBILITY that resisted the King's power in PRUSSIA. ***Given right to be officers in King Fredrick's army. ***
The Boyars were Russia's LAND OWNING NOBLES, Forced to live in St. Petersburg
Czar means "Caesar" - A Czar is a RUSSIAN RULER.
Using WESTERN EUROPE as a MODEL FOR CHANGE both MILITARILY and COMMERCIALLY.
controlled Spain, Spanish American Colonies, Austria, Netherlands
SON of Charles V, built up Armada, fought against Great Britain
The QUEEN OF ENGLAND (1580s) and a PROTESTANT. Defeated Armada
Sir Francis Drake
Pirate, stole from spanish ships, knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
AUTHOR of DON QUIXOTE, mocking chivalry, materalism
GREAT DUTCH ARTIST in the 1600s using SHARP LIGHT and SHADOW CONTRASTS.
**Night Watch is a famous portrait**
Catherine de Medici
Widow of King Henry II. After Henry II's death, she was the REAL LEADER of FRANCE when her son's were king.
He was 1st king of BOURBON DYNASTY. Descended from Louis IX.
*****CONVERTED to Catholicism & signed EDICT OF NANTES ***
Louis XIII's minister; actual ruler
Sun King; helped France attain economic / political / cultural brilliance
Cardinal Mazarin is credited with ENDING THE 30 YEAR WAR. Louis XIV's
Jean Baptiste Colbert
Louis XVI's minister of finance = responsible for debt.
Swedish leader who drove Hapsburg armies out of North Germany
Hapsburg's ruler; no male heirs
Daughter of Charles VI; ruler of Austria
Fredrick the Great
Ruler of Prussia; encouraged religious tolerance and legal reform
Ivan the Terrible
First official "czar"
Peter the Great
One of Russia's greatest reformers; increased czar's power...