Chapter 21 Review sheet Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 21 Review sheet Deck (46)
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1

Absolutism

Absolutism is the idea of:
COMPLETE & UNRESTRICTED power of the government (king or queen).

2

Divine Right

Divine Right is the idea that:
GOD CREATED the monarch (King or Queen) to be GOD's REPRESENTATIVE on Earth. The monarch only has to answer to GOD.

3

Edict of Nantes

The Edict of Nantes was a document of RELIGIOUS TOLERANCE towards the Huguenots signed by KING HENRY

4

Intendants

Intendants are GOVERNMENT AGENTS of the FRENCH government who collected taxes and administered justice

5

Huguenots

The Huguenots are French Protestants (non-Catholics that follow the teachings of Martin Luther).

6

Thirty Years War

The 30 years war was a conflict over RELIGION and TERRITORY. Power for the European ruling families

7

Seven Years War

The Seven Years War was a conflict between the major Europe, North America and India.

8

Junkers

The Junkers were LAND OWNING NOBILITY that resisted the King's power in PRUSSIA. ***Given right to be officers in King Fredrick's army. ***

9

Boyar

The Boyars were Russia's LAND OWNING NOBLES, Forced to live in St. Petersburg

10

Czar

Czar means "Caesar" - A Czar is a RUSSIAN RULER.

11

Westernization

Using WESTERN EUROPE as a MODEL FOR CHANGE both MILITARILY and COMMERCIALLY.

12

Charles V

controlled Spain, Spanish American Colonies, Austria, Netherlands

13

Philip II

SON of Charles V, built up Armada, fought against Great Britain

14

Elizabeth I

The QUEEN OF ENGLAND (1580s) and a PROTESTANT. Defeated Armada

15

Sir Francis Drake

Pirate, stole from spanish ships, knighted by Queen Elizabeth.

16

Miguel Cervantes

AUTHOR of DON QUIXOTE, mocking chivalry, materalism

17

Rembrandt

GREAT DUTCH ARTIST in the 1600s using SHARP LIGHT and SHADOW CONTRASTS.
**Night Watch is a famous portrait**

18

Catherine de Medici

Widow of King Henry II. After Henry II's death, she was the REAL LEADER of FRANCE when her son's were king.

19

Henry IV

He was 1st king of BOURBON DYNASTY. Descended from Louis IX.
*****CONVERTED to Catholicism & signed EDICT OF NANTES ***

20

Cardinal Richelieu

Louis XIII's minister; actual ruler

21

Louis XIV

Sun King; helped France attain economic / political / cultural brilliance

22

Cardinal Mazarin

Cardinal Mazarin is credited with ENDING THE 30 YEAR WAR. Louis XIV's

23

Jean Baptiste Colbert

Louis XVI's minister of finance = responsible for debt.

24

Gustavus Aldophus

Swedish leader who drove Hapsburg armies out of North Germany

25

Charles VI

Hapsburg's ruler; no male heirs

26

Maria Theresa

Daughter of Charles VI; ruler of Austria

27

Fredrick the Great

Ruler of Prussia; encouraged religious tolerance and legal reform

28

Ivan the Terrible

First official "czar"

29

Peter the Great

One of Russia's greatest reformers; increased czar's power...

30

The extent of Spain's European and Overseas Empire in the 1500s.

Spain had a HUGE OVERSEAS EMPIRE under Charles V - colonized much territory (New World) with help of Cortes and conquistadors.
Rich. Gained Portugal territory