Chapter 25 Test Review Flashcards Preview

MWHS Modern World History 11 Heibert > Chapter 25 Test Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 25 Test Review Deck (51):
1

Which of the following were not agricultural improvements leading to industrialization?
A. Railroads
B. Livestock Breeding
C. Crop Rotation
D. Enclosures
E. Spinning Jenny

A. Railroads
E. Spinning Jenny

2

Which of the following are not FACTORS OF PRODUCTION necessary for industrialization?
A. Land
B. Labor
C. Urbanization
D. Capital
E. Mechanization

C. Urbanization
E. Mechanization

3

Inventions like the flying shuttle and water frame helped to revolutionize the _______ industry
A. Agricultural
B. Textile
C. Railroad
D. Steam engine

B. Textile

4

The first invention of the textile industry by John Kaye which doubled productivity was the:
A. flying shuttle
B. spinning Jenny
C. power loom
D. helmet of shame

A. Flying shuttle

5

The first English city to have a population over 1 million people due to URBANIZATION was:
A. London
B. Manchester
C. Liverpool
D. Brussels
E. Glasgow

A. London

6

All of the following were true about living conditions during the Industrial revolution EXCEPT:
A. Government worked hard to improve living conditions for the poor
B. Slums were often overcrowded
C. Sickness and disease were common in urban slums
D. Average life expectancy in urban slums was 17 years

A. Government worked hard to improve living conditions for the poor

7

All of the following were improvements in transportation in the early Industrial Revolution EXCEPT:
A. railroads
B. paced roads
C. steam ships
D. airplanes

D. airplanes

8

All of the following were complaints of factory owners
A. Inspections of factories
B. sending kids to school
C. Reducing air pollution
D. forcing factories to close on Saturdays

D. forcing factories to close on Saturdays

9

The United States developed its industries in part because of the:
A. War of 1812, British blockade forced it to
B. the Dust Bowl
C. lack of colonies
D. rivalry with Canada

A. War of 1812, British blockade forced it to

10

Which European nation was the next industrial power after Great Britain?
A. Germany
B. Belgium
C. France
D. Finland (yeah right)
E. Russia

B. Belgium

11

The key to success of German industrialization was their construction of:
A. coalmines
B. railroads
C. the first automobile
D. the Berlin Wall

B. railroads

12

All of the following were positive transformation in society due to industrialization EXCEPT:
A. Gave Europe tremendous economic power
B. Life expectancy went up
C. More democratic reforms and education
D. Wealth gap widened between rich and poor

D. Wealth gap widened between rich and poor

13

The economic theory that government should keep its "hands off" of business is:
A. Laissez-faire
B. Socialism
C. Utopian Socialism
D. Capitalism
E. Utilitarianism

A. Laissez-faire

14

Which of the following people was NOT a believer in Capitalism
A. Adam Smith
B. David Ricardo
C. Karl Marx
D. Thomas Malthus
E. Robert Owen

C. Karl Marx
E. Robert Owen

15

The author _____ wrote the ______ which is the "Bible" of Communism
A. Karl Marx, "Communist Manifesto"
B. Adam Smith, "Wealth of Nations"
C. Friederich Engels, "Principles of Political Economy and Taxation"
D. Charles Dickens, "Oliver Twist"

A. Karl Marx, "Communist Manifesto"

16

Which one of the following is not part of Adam Smith's 3 laws of economics
A. Law of self-interest
B. Law of Commerce
C. Law of supply and demand
D. Law of conpetition

B. Law of commerce

17

Refusal of a group to work

Strike

18

Private businessman who invests and risks

entrepreneur

19

Economic concept of a "hands off" government

laissez-faire

20

Economic concept of goods made in the home

cottage industry

21

Collection of workers who negotiate for better conditions

union

22

System where government owns the means of production

socialism

23

Switch from agriculture to mechanized economy

industrial revolution

24

Fencing in fields to prevent damage

enclosures

25

Movement of people from rural areas to cities

urbanization

26

Concept of judging all things by usefulness to most people???

utilitarianism

27

New Social class including doctors and lawyers

middle class

28

Share bought in a corporation as a percentage of ownership

stock

29

Utopian Socialist, began communities in the US/Europe

Robert Owen

30

Inventor of the flying shuttle

John Kaye

31

Founder of the Standard Oil Company

John D. Rockefeller

32

Inventor of the spinning Jenny

James Hargreaves

33

23 year old textile worker, testified before Parliament

Elizabeth Bentley

34

Founder of Communism

Karl Marx

35

Inventor of the Power Loom

Edmund Cartwright

36

Utilitarian, believed in government involvement in business.

John Stuart Mill

37

Founder of Capitalism

Adam Smith

38

Founder of a US steel corporation

Andrew Carnegie

39

True or False
The industrial Revolution came before the Agricultural Revolution

True

40

True or False
The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain

True

41

True or False
The factors of production are land, labor and capital

True

42

True or False
The railroad industry was the first to become mechanized

False

43

True or False
Women and children were often paid less than men

True

44

True or False
France was quick to industrialize

False

45

True or False
The Industrial Revolution caused a wider wealth gap between rich and poor

True

46

True or False
Capitalism replaced mercantilism as the major economic system

False

47

True of False
Communism allows for private ownership of property

False

48

True or False
Utilitarianism believed in a "hands off" government role in the ecomony

False

49

Study the Map

Study the map

50

Essay: Explain why the industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. Identify three advantages Britain had allowed it to industrialize and how it used industrialization to its advantage

Essay: Explain the major differences between Capitalism and Communism. How did each develop and how did they effect the concept of work and workers' rights during the Industrial Revolution?

51

Alternate Essay Question

Explain what the cycle of invention is using the textile industry and explain why new inventions were constantly needed