Chapter 20 Test Review Flashcards Preview

MWHS Modern World History 11 Heibert > Chapter 20 Test Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 20 Test Review Deck (55):
1

In October, 1492, Christopher Columbus reached land believing he was in ________
A. Asia
B. South America
C. Australia
D. North America

A. Asia

2

The Major Claim of the Portuguese in the New World was _____ which they used to supply _____ as a major crop

The Bahamas, sugar

3

The______ empire of Peru was conquered by _____. while____ conquered the_____ of Mexico

Inca, Pizarro, Cortes, Aztec

4

The explorer sho first circumnavigated the globe, proving it was round was:

Magellan

5

All of the following European nations claimed lands in America after the Spanish EXCEPT:
A. English
B. French
C.. Dutch
D. Italians

D. Italians

6

The ______ initially claimed much of Canada and became heavily involved in the____

French, fur

7

Of all the European diseases,_____ claimed the most native lives

small pox

8

In the Americans, labor was needed o "harvest" all of the following materials EXCEPT:
A. cotton
B. tobacco
C. sugar
D. rum

D. rum

9

All of the following were "advantages" to African slave labor in the Americas EXCEPT:
A. they had immunity to European diseases
B. the African rulers willingly sold slaves
C. they were used to hard, agricultural work
D. their appearance made escape less likely

B. The African rulers willingly sold slaves
??????

10

Which pairing INCORRECTLY matches products and destinations of Triangular Trade
A. guns from Europe to Africa
B. slaves from Africa to the Americas
C. Rum from Americas to Europe
D. tobacco from Americas to Europe

C. Rum from Americas to Europe

11

The term "_______" is used for the journey from Africa to the Americas

Middle Passage

12

Most slaves bound for the Americas ended up being imported to the modern country of:

Brazil

13

Two agricultural products that came from the Americas which impacted world population growth were______ and_____

corn and potatoes

14

The economic theory of ____ stated that a nation's power depended on its total wealth

mercantilism

15

The economic theory of_______ is based on private ownership and investment

capitalism

16

Global network involving 4 continents

Triangular trade

17

Economic theory based on a country's total wealth

Mercantilism

18

Area of North America/ Canada headquartered in Quebec

New France

19

English settlers who wanted to purify the Anglican Church

puritans

20

Economic theory based on private ownership/ investment

Capitalism

21

English settlers who left for religious reasons

Pilgrims

22

Race of mixed-blood people in the Americas

Mestizos

23

Spanish economic system of forced native labor

Encomienda

24

Situation where investors share risk and profits

Joint-Stock Co.

25

Transfer of products from the Americas world-wide

Columbian Exchange

26

Spanish conquerors of the new world

Conquistadors

27

Area controlled by a "parent" country

colony

28

exporting more than your country imports

Favorable trade balance

29

Journey of slaves from Africa to the Americas

middle passage

30

Explorer who concluded the Americas were separate continents

Vespucci

31

Ican ruler who was strangled by Spanish

Atahualpa

32

English explorer who sailed for the Dutch

Henry Hudson

33

English leader who took New York from the Dutch

Duke of York

34

Aztec leader who battled Cortez

Montezuma II

35

Conqueror of the incan Empire

Pizarro

36

English king who granted a charter to the pilgrims

James I

37

Explorer who claimed Brazil for the Portuguese

Cabral

38

Explorer who circumnavigated the globe

Magellan

39

Genoese sea captain who discovered the Americans

Columbus

40

Native American ruler who attacked colonial villages

Metacom

41

Conquistidor who defeated the Aztec

Cortes

42

true or false, Balboa was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean

true

43

What were The 3G;s of exploration

Glory, gold and God

44

true or false, The Spanish strangled Atahualpa after holding him for ransom

True

45

true or false, Jacques Cartier was a French explorer of Canada/North America

True

46

true or false, Many French settlers desire to convert the natives to Catholicism

true

47

True or false, England won the French/ Indian war versus the French gaining their colonies

True

48

true or false, The Dutch accepted settlers from other nations in their colonies

True

49

true or false, The major European buyer of slaves was the French

False

50

true or false Triangular trade involved the Americas, Europe and Africa

True

51

true or false, European nations grew more powerful economically due to capitalism

True

52

true or false Christopher Columbus was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean

False

53

true or false France won the French/Indian war versus the Dutch, gaining New York

False

54

essay question

Discuss 3 reasons why the conquistadors were able to defeat the empires of the Aztec and Inca

55

Essay Question

Explain how the Triangular trade of slaves was the first truly global trade network