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Flashcards in Chapter 2 church history Deck (35):
0

What year was the edict of Milan

312

1

What was the title of Constantine

Pontifex Maximus

2

What does pontifex Maximus mean

The greatest bridge builder between human and divine

3

Where did the political center of the Holy Roman Empire move from to where

From Rome to Constantinople - present day Istanbul

4

Adoptionism

Jesus is an ordinary human, God confers power

5

Apollianariasm

Jesus adopts a human body and a divine mind

6

Arianism

Jesus was created, not divine

7

Nestorianaism

The human Christ and the divine son are two persons

8

Monophysitism

Two natures before incarnation, one after. One nature -> divine

9

Who did arianism

Arius, priest from Alexandria

10

Arianism

- son was not eternal ,created from nothingness
- not God by nature
- neither creator nor redeemer

11

What year was council of Nicaea

325 ad

12

How many bishops at council of Nicaea

250-318

13

Descion at council of Nicaea

All but two bishops voted against arianism

14

Who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire

Emperor theodosius, 380 AD
- western Roman Empire

15

What council confirmed the descion at Nicaea and how many bishops

Constantinople , 150 bishops

16

Who was MAcedonius

- semi Arian bishop of Constantinople
- denied that Holy Spirit was part of Trinity
- nicene creed modified to answer him

17

Pelagianism

Denies original sin, effects of grace, and elevates human will that we can save ourselves

18

What did the barbarians who invaded the Holy Roman Empire convert to

Arianism

19

What was the center of the western Roman Empire

Rome

20

What was the structure of the western Roman Empire

Pope was the spiritual and political leader

21

What was the center of the eastern Roman Empire

Constantinople

22

What was the structure in the eastern Roman Empire

Emperor - political leader
Patriarchs - spiritual leaders

23

Where was pope st. Damasus and what did he do

Eastern Roman Empire, asked st Jerome to translate bible and liturgy from Greek into Latin

24

In the separation of the Holy Roman Empire, who was Greek and who was Latin

West - Latin, east - Greek

25

What is breads and circuses in Latin

Panem et circences

26

Define patristics and what is it in Latin

Church fathers, patres

27

What. Did the Church fathers do

- defended the faith against heresies
- scholarship: taught the faith
- lead

28

St. Ambrose

Governor of northern Italy, baptized confirmed and ordained within a week
- stood up against arianism
- inspired st Augustine to be a Christian

29

St. Augustine

- wrote confessions
- fathered a child out of wedlock
- fell for the heresy manicheans
- bishop of hippo

30

What was manicheans

All matter is evil

31

St. Jerome

Monk fluent in Hebrew Greek and Latin
In Bethlehem translated bible to Latin -> vulgate
Taught scripture to women and made monasteries

32

What did the the desert fathers do

Taught about sacrifice and self denial

33

What was the first monastery in Egypt

St. Pachomius , 320 AD

34

What are the vows of consecrated life

Poverty, chastity, obedience