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Flashcards in Unit 5 Test Deck (35):


-King James I granted Lord Baltimore land for settlement (1634)
-Promised freedom of worship for all


Religious Descrimination

-by 1704- non-catholics passed laws discriminating against catholics
-deprived right to have churches
-hold political office
-U.S Constitution changed things


Other Difficulties of the Church

-30,000 catholics at end of American Rev
-not many priests
-poor church in America



-1st American bishop in 1789=John Carroll
-U.S Catholics did not want a foreign bishops
-pope Pius VI authorized american priests to elect own bishop and set up dioceses


Bishop Carroll's Task

1. maintain support of American catholics
2. taking firm control of church governance
-needed to establish order and uniformity


Catholics in America Setting the Scene

-Church in England faced persecution
-Influx of immigrants


Carroll In Action

-needed priests to speak the languages of the people
Carroll succeeded in planting American seeds of Catholicism:
-adopting "american style"=commitment to democracy and separation of church and state
-remained fully loyal to the pope
-grew from 30,000->200,000 by 1815


Growth and Development of the Church

-three newly established seminaries
-women's religious orders grew
-three catholic colleges for men and academics for women established


Waves of Immigration

1. Irish 1830-1860
2. German 1860-1890
3. Italy and Eastern Europe 1890-1920s
500,000-> 3 million + after Irish immigration
-most lived in neighborhood-often slums-with others from homeland



Nativist movement-> protestant protesting against Catholic immigrants


Know Nothing Political Party

-spread rumors that Vatican and Catholic immigrants were conspiring to take over US
-incited riots in cities
-fixed elections in Baltimore
-harassed conventions in Boston and Providence
-by late 1800s anti-catholic prejudice had declined
-catholics fought on both sides in the civil war->showed loyalty and patriotism
-people still afraid that a catholic would have more allegiance to the pope


How the Catholic Church reacted to the Know Nothing's

1. Parish life
2. Education


Ethic Parishes

-people wanted to practice their faith as they had learned it:
-native language
-cultural customs
-separate parishes emerge
-provided worship in own language
-center of social life of immigrants
-provided identity in the community
-examples: polish, Italian, Irish, German


Catholic Education

-religious freedom but run by the majority in power
-public schools dominated by protestants
-catholic schools emerged
-passing on the faith
-supporting children in society
-quality education for the poor


Elizabeth Ann Seton

-first native-born american saint
-widowed convent
-started catholic school in baltimore for girls
-founded daughters/sisters of charity
-set pattern for parochial system of schools


Augustus Tolton

-first black ordained priest
-discrimination in america
-rejected at american seminaries
-studied in rome
-set up black national parish in Chicago


The Church in the Industrial Age

-entering the Industrial Age:
-brought major changes in manufacturing, agriculture, mining. transportation
-innovations to ease manual labor
-social and economic problems emerge


Rerum Novarum

-First social encyclical
-Pope Leo XIII in 1891
-Addressed social problems brought about during Industrialization
-Said how Church should respond to the needs of the people


Gaudium et Spes

-AKA Church in the Modern World
-Second Vatican Council, 1965
-Says Church must serve the world & work with other organizations to promote the common good


Economic Justice for All

-1986 pastoral letter
-On Catholic Social Teaching and the U.S. economy
-All economic decisions must uphold human dignity
-All members of society have obligation to help poor & vulnerable



-Economic system based upon the private ownership of goods and free market system



-Economic social, and political philosophy that avoids the notion of private property
-seeks to control wealth by taking the means of production away from the upper class for the benefit of society



-System in which there is no private ownership of goods
-the creation and distribution of goods/ services is determined by the whole community or by the gov.



-System in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian gov dominated by a single political party
-linked w/ atheism



-Belief that war, especially nuclear, can be prevented through the ability to respond to a military attack with a devastating counter attack


Social Doctrine

-Church's body of teaching on economic and social matter
-includes moral judgements and demands for action in favor of those being harmed by unjust social and economic policies and conditions


Social Encyclical

-Teaching letter from the Pope to the members of the Church on topics of social justice, human rights, and peace


Pastoral Letter

-Teaching letter from the bishops of a particular country to members of the Church on topics of social justice, human rights, and peace that relate to that country providing guidance, insight, or instruction



-Large organizations and governments should not take over responsibilities and decisions that can be carried out by individuals and local organizations


How did the Age of Reason/ Enlightenment effect how people thought about the Church?

-People wanted concrete evidence of the existence of God
-Ex: Rationalists thought faith and the Bible could be explained by science and reasoning


Reign of Terror

-A period of violence that occurred after the start of the revolution
-Marked by the executions of "enemies of the revolution"


Baltimore Catechism

-Created by the 3rd Council of Baltimore
-Told people what they believed, gave them guidance


How did the French Revolution impact the Church?

-One the "Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen" was written, the Church no longer was protected by the monarchy
-Became a target


What Ideals rooted in the Gospel from the French Revolution

-Pope John Paul II: "Identity and Memory"


Pro's and Con's of Industrial Rev

-Pros: Created more jobs, helped economy because goods were produced & sold
Cons: Led to urbanization (cramped cities= unsanitary), Poor working conditions (long hours, children could work,if sick--> fired)