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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (32):
0

Was charlamagne crowned emperor of east or west?

West

1

What was charlamagne leader of

Franks

2

Who crowned charlamagne

Pope Leo III

3

Why was the emperor furious because of charlamagne?

Because charlamagne was like a second Constantine by forming all of Europe into one faith. The GAp between east and west widens

4

What were monastery libraries

Manuscripts copied by monks in script

5

Who did charlamagne fight against?

Saxons and forced them to convert

6

Who chose who in the Middle Ages?

Priests chose bishops, monks and nuns chose abbots

7

What was the feudalism structure

King, powerful lords, lesser lords, knights peasants and townspeople

8

What was lay investiture

Lay persons (people not the clergy) appointing bishops, priests, abbots, and abboteses

9

What were 3 challenges to the medieval church

Lay investiture
Simony
Celibacy

10

What was simony

Payment of money for appointment to a Church office

11

What was celibacy

Those in the clergy who remain unmarried for the sake of the kingdom of God

12

What was recited 5-6 times daily in the life of the monks

Divine office or liturgy of the hours

13

What was the truce of God

Christian warriors to abstain from battle on special holy days

14

What was the concordat of worms

Popes choose bishops and abbots and invest them with spiritual power

15

What were the 3 controversies that led up to the east west schism

Filioque
Iconoclast
Controversy over Sicily

16

What did the eastern Church believe in the Filioque controversy

The Holy Spirit defends from the father

17

What did the western (Latin) church believe in the Filioque controversy

The Holy Spirit proceeds from the father and the son

18

What were the three reasons why Church leaders in the east challenged the change in wording of the creed

1) they disagreed with the theology
2) they were not consulted about the change
3) Chrkamagne who was not bound to a religious order imposed it

19

What purpose did icons serve

They help direct our worship of God

20

Why did pope Leo III of the east ban the use of icons

He felt that people were worshiping the icons rather than worshiping God

21

What was the second council of Nicaea's reasoning behind its support of icons

1) they were against Leo the third
2) they were or power ways of helping people worship God
3) Jesus himself was an icon because he became one of us and pointed us to God

22

What was the cause of both sides not being able to reconcile their differences

Instability to communicate
Stubbornness

23

Eastern Orthodox

Not in union with Pope or Rome
Same creed

24

Eastern rite Catholic Church

Pope was head of Church
Eastern style of liturgy
Creed
Apostolic succession
7 sacraments

25

What was the original objective of the crusades

The return of Christian control of the holy lands

26

What was the outcome of the crusades

Distrust between east and west Church and Jews and Muslims

27

What was the only crusade that was successful

First one
Turks recapture territory

28

What were the mendicant orders

Franciscans and Dominicans

29

What did teh Franciscans and Dominicans live off of

Whatever people chose to provide them
- lived among the people in towns and villages and begged

30

Albigensianism

All matter was evil, spirit was good. Mortified yourself because you were evil

31

What was the inquisition

Campaign against albigensians
Heretical beliefs were examined, excommunication
Heresies were seen as attacks against the state