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Flashcards in Chapter 7 test Deck (33):
1

What was rationalism

The belief that human reason is the sole source and final test of all truth

2

What was deism

Belief that God exists and created the world but is no longer active in the universe or human life

3

What was empiricism

Philosophical position that all human knowledge comes from experience- especially sensory experience

4

What was galileos theory and whose was it based on

Earth removes around the sun (geocentric) based on Copernicus's

5

Was Copernicus's work supported by the Church before? 75 years earlier

Yes local bishop and cardinal

6

What was the common belief at the time about the sun and earth? What happened to Galileo

Geocentric, sun revolves around Earth. His work was denounced as heresy and asked to appear in Rome under the court of inquisitim

7

What were the three objections of Galileo's theory

- no firm proof offered
- appeared to contradict scripture
- could endanger the faith of the common man

8

Where was Catholicism main religion

France
Ireland
Italy
Spain

9

Where was Anglican main religion

Anglican

10

Where was Calvinism main religion

Scotland and Switzerland

11

Where was lutherism main religion

Norway
Germany
Scandinavia
Sweden

12

What were outcomes of 30 year war

- Holy Roman Empire was now just Germany
- pope was minor voice in European politics
- religious lines sharply defined in Europe

13

What were the results of the FR

- Church leaders identified w nobility
- monasteries overtaken / religious communities disband.ed
- people voted for bishops + priests
- execution of nobles priests nuns and monks
- swore allegiance to state not pope

14

What was the enlightenment

Age of reason. Movement that led to the questioning of the Church, religion and existence of God. Glorified rational mind over all sources oftruth

15

What happened to the Pope before Napoleon

He was deported to France by French armies

16

Under napoleon's rule did the majority of the people remains catholic?

Yes

17

What did the concordat that napoelon signed with pope puis 7th say

- Napoleon would appoint bishops but pope would have final approval

18

Who restored the Papal States in 1814

Metternich prince of Austria

19

Who issued the doctor of infallibility what was it

Vatican council 1
Pope has no error on deciding about faith and morals

20

Who dissolved the Papal States in 1870

King Victor Emmanuel of Italy
Pope now recognized as spiritual and moral leader

21

When did the pope use his infallibility rule

Immaculate conception
Assumption

22

What two countries did the pope give the responsibility to evangelize all lands they discove

Spain and Portugal

23

What were Spain's reasons in involvement of conquest in the Americas

- finding new sources of wealth
- opening new trade routes to east
- evangelization

24

Why did Spain want to find new sources of wealth in conquest of Americas

There was few sources in Mexico and Peru
- Slave labor

25

What country did Jesuits represent

France

26

What Christianity was in Virginia

Anglican Church of engalnd

27

What was in Massachusetts

Puritans emphasized group and personal piety

28

What was in rhod island

Broke from puritans more tolerance

29

What was in Pennsylvania

Quakers welcomed all religions

30

What was in maryland

Safe haven for Catholics

31

What was the act of l
Tolerance of 1649

Freedom of religion in Maryland

32

What was the first diocese and who was their bishop

Maryland
John Carroll

33

What pope allowed us priests to choose bishop and location of diocese

Pius 6