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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (70):
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What is ecumenical council? Ecumenism?

Bishops meet from all around the world. Movement that seeks unity among all Christian Churches and among all religions

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Theological virtues

-Gifts from God infused into our souls
-Help us relate to God
-Faith, hope, and charity (love)

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Religion

-The relationship between God and humankind that results in a body of beliefs
-3 parts: Creed, Cult, Code

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Ecumenical council

-A worldwide, official assembly of bishops under the direction of the pope
-Number of Ecumenical councils: 21

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Catechism of the Catholic Church

-A compendium (book) of Catholic doctrine on faith and morals published in 1922

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The difference between "Faith" and "Religion"

Faith is knowing that God exists through personal experiences, where as religion is only the beliefs of a group, and someone can choose wether or not to follow a religion.

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Faith, hope, charity

Faith: Belief in and personal knowledge of God
-Hope: Trust in God's salvation, Heaven, and that God has given us the grace to obtain it
-Charity (Love): The greatest of virtues, empowers us to love God and neighbor for God's sake.

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Deism

The belief that God did create the universe but that he takes no further interest in it

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Agnostics

People who claim that God's existence cannot be known

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Trancendence and immanence

Transcendence - God is above us, very powerful
Immancness - God is shown in all creation and he is like us

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Doctor of the Church

Name given to saints who have contributed to theology or Church doctrine

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Dogma

A central truth of Revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe

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Divine providence

God’s loving and watchful guidance over his creatures on their way to their final goal and perfection

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Concupiscence

an inclination to commit sin that can be found in human desires and appetites as a result of Original Sin

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Thomas aquinas 5 proofs

Unmoved Mover: The unmoved mover: whatever is in motion must be moved by something else
-1st Cause: Nothing causes itself
-Everything comes from something: "Nothing" cannot create something
-Supreme model: We can only speak of different degrees of qualities, and God is the reference point
-Grand designer: Beauty, symmetry and power in the world forces us to conclude that a Grand Designer made it all

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What is sacred tradition

Church, Is where God reveals himself through a "single deposit" of faith

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Gods 9 attributes

Unique: No God like Yahweh
-Infinite and Omnipotent: (all mighty, unlimited)
-Eternal: (always was, always will be)
-Immense: (Not limited to space)
- Contains all things
-Immutable (does not change)
-Utterly Simple (pure in spirit, God's image cannot be made)
-Personal (compassionate, wants relationship)
-Holy (unlimited goodness and love)

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What is salvation history

The account of the creation of the first humans and the world we live in
-God's saving activities though human kind

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Gospel

Means good news, refers to 4 writings, Jesus teachings and preaching about Jesus

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Incarnation

The dogma that God's eternal son assumed a human nature and became man in Jesus Christ to save us from our sins

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What does Christ mean

Anointed one

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Salvation

God's forgiveness of sins, accomplished through the mercy of Jesus resulting in restoration

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Epiphany

Magi's visit to the baby Jesus 12 days after his birth

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Paschal mystery

Jesus' passion, life, death, resurrection, and ascension

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Catechesis

Educating young people about Jesus and making them disciples

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Kingdom of God

Process of God renewing and reconciling all things through his son

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Heresies examples

Gnostic Docetism: Jesus was not human
Arianism: God created Christ, therefore Christ is not God
Nestorianism: Jesus was two persons, mary is the mother of human jesus only
Monophysitism: divine nature absorbs human nature

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What does Jesus mean

God saves

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What does Kyrios mean

Lord

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What does inri mean

Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews

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Writing of the New Testament

The historical Jesus, oral tradition, writing of the New Testament

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Infancy narratives

Jesus' early life
His birth, the Epiphany, Circumcision, Presentation at the Temple, Flight into Egypt, Slaughter of the Innocents

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Transfiguration

God revealing himself to us

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4 kinds of miracles and examples

Healing: curing lepers, blind, sick, etc.
Exorcisms: casting out evil spirits; Cure of demoniac
Nature miracles: calming of the storm, feeding of the 5,000
Raisings from the dead: Lazarus, Jairus' daughter

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Gifts of the Holy Spirit

wisdom, understating, knowledge, counsel, fortitude, piety, feat of The Lord

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Theophany

an appearance or manifestation of God to humans

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Paraclete

another name for the Holy Spirit that means advocate, defender, off counselor

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Charism

special gift of the Holy Spirit that helps us build up the Church

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Fruits of the Holy Spirit

love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, modesty, self- control, and chastity

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Old Testament images and references of the Holy Spirit

in creation - it gives the breath of live to Adam and Eve, brings lifeto to the world

b) by the power of the Holy Spirit God formed a covenant with Abraham and the chosen pele
c) god showed himself to Moses in the burning bush thorough the Holy Spirit
d) the Holy Spirit allowed the chosen people to obey to the law and inspired Old Testament kings to rule in Christ's name

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New Testament references to the Holy Spirit

a) descended on the apostles at the Passover, it allowed them to proclaim the Good news in all different languages
b) after Jesus' resurrection, he recreated the disciples by giving them the life of the Holy Spirit (as God's children)

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Symbols of the. Holy Spirit

fire- Christ gives the holy sprit to his people to empower them to enlighten the world, the Holy Spirit is the inner light that burns in us
b) anointing with oil - the New Testament associated anointing with oil with anointing with the Holy Spirit
c) water - Jesus associated water with the Holy Spirit. And the waters of baptism initiate us into the Church
d) hand - Jesus and his apostles healed with their touch, through the Spirit
e) dove - the dove at Jesus' baptism symbolized the Holy Spirit
f) finger of God and cloud and light - God writes the divine law on our hearts, reveals the saving glory

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The Trinity's images and teachings

a) teachings - there is only one God, there are three distinct persons in one God, the divine persons have relationships with one another
b) Symbols/ images - shield (equality among three persons and distinction), shamrock(three persons, one God), tree and sun

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what does ekklesia mean

those called out

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sacrament

a visible sign of an invisible grace

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infallibility

a gift of the Spirit whereby the Pope and bishops are preserved from error when proclaiming a doctrine related to Christian faith or morals

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Marks of the Church

one holy catholic( universal) apostolic( continue to follow the apostles) Church

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effcacious

we become what we receieve, the 7 sacraments are signs that are effacious

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great schism

a major break between the churches of the west and east

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what are the models of the Church

Church as the body of Christ, church as an institution, church as a sacrament, church as a herald of God's word, Church as servant, Church as a community of disciples

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Church as the Body of Christ

united, dependent on one another

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Church as an institution

organized with rules

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church as a sacrament

visible sign of an invisible grace

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church as a hearld of God's word

we proclaim the Good News

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Church as a servant

we serve as Jesus served

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Church as a community of disciples

we follow JESUS

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MARTYRDOM

witness to the saving message of Christ through the sacrifice of one's life

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apologists

one who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something ex. timothy or st. peter

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college of bishops

the assembly of bishops, headed by the Pope, that holds the teaching authority of the Church

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presbyter

"elder" in the acts of the apostles, can mean priest today

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edict of milan

signed by emperors constantine and licinius, proclaimed religious toleration in the roman empire (ended persecution of Christians(

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the great commission

when jesus told the 11 apostles to meet him on a monatin in Galilee, didn't believe that he was Jesus but he sent them to evangelize

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peter

first pope, converted gentiles

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paul

apostle to the Gentiles, condemned Stephen to death but experience conversion on the way to damascus

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council of jerusalem

first council of the Church, solved the problem of gentiles converting to judaism in order to follow Christ?

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how did stephen die

st. paul stonde him

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st. ignatius of antioch

taken from antioch to rome to be fed to wild animals in the coliseum, wrote 7 letters of encouragment

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st. justin

met an old man who told him that knowledge alone cannot lead to God. didn't give up pagan sacrifices -> martyred

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st. iraneus

protected the Church from the heresy gnosticism, buried under the altar of his Church

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constantine

emperor of Rome, Christian, freedom of religion and ended persecutions of the Christians