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What is ecumenical council? Ecumenism?

Bishops meet from all around the world. Movement that seeks unity among all Christian Churches and among all religions

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Theological virtues

-Gifts from God infused into our souls
-Help us relate to God
-Faith, hope, and charity (love)

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Religion

-The relationship between God and humankind that results in a body of beliefs
-3 parts: Creed, Cult, Code

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Ecumenical council

-A worldwide, official assembly of bishops under the direction of the pope
-Number of Ecumenical councils: 21

4

Catechism of the Catholic Church

-A compendium (book) of Catholic doctrine on faith and morals published in 1922

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The difference between "Faith" and "Religion"

Faith is knowing that God exists through personal experiences, where as religion is only the beliefs of a group, and someone can choose wether or not to follow a religion.

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Faith, hope, charity

Faith: Belief in and personal knowledge of God
-Hope: Trust in God's salvation, Heaven, and that God has given us the grace to obtain it
-Charity (Love): The greatest of virtues, empowers us to love God and neighbor for God's sake.

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Deism

The belief that God did create the universe but that he takes no further interest in it

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Agnostics

People who claim that God's existence cannot be known

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Trancendence and immanence

Transcendence - God is above us, very powerful
Immancness - God is shown in all creation and he is like us

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Doctor of the Church

Name given to saints who have contributed to theology or Church doctrine

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Dogma

A central truth of Revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe

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Divine providence

God’s loving and watchful guidance over his creatures on their way to their final goal and perfection

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Concupiscence

an inclination to commit sin that can be found in human desires and appetites as a result of Original Sin

14

Thomas aquinas 5 proofs

Unmoved Mover: The unmoved mover: whatever is in motion must be moved by something else
-1st Cause: Nothing causes itself
-Everything comes from something: "Nothing" cannot create something
-Supreme model: We can only speak of different degrees of qualities, and God is the reference point
-Grand designer: Beauty, symmetry and power in the world forces us to conclude that a Grand Designer made it all

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What is sacred tradition

Church, Is where God reveals himself through a "single deposit" of faith

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Gods 9 attributes

Unique: No God like Yahweh
-Infinite and Omnipotent: (all mighty, unlimited)
-Eternal: (always was, always will be)
-Immense: (Not limited to space)
- Contains all things
-Immutable (does not change)
-Utterly Simple (pure in spirit, God's image cannot be made)
-Personal (compassionate, wants relationship)
-Holy (unlimited goodness and love)

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What is salvation history

The account of the creation of the first humans and the world we live in
-God's saving activities though human kind

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Gospel

Means good news, refers to 4 writings, Jesus teachings and preaching about Jesus

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Incarnation

The dogma that God's eternal son assumed a human nature and became man in Jesus Christ to save us from our sins

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What does Christ mean

Anointed one

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Salvation

God's forgiveness of sins, accomplished through the mercy of Jesus resulting in restoration

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Epiphany

Magi's visit to the baby Jesus 12 days after his birth

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Paschal mystery

Jesus' passion, life, death, resurrection, and ascension

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Catechesis

Educating young people about Jesus and making them disciples

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Kingdom of God

Process of God renewing and reconciling all things through his son

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Heresies examples

Gnostic Docetism: Jesus was not human
Arianism: God created Christ, therefore Christ is not God
Nestorianism: Jesus was two persons, mary is the mother of human jesus only
Monophysitism: divine nature absorbs human nature

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What does Jesus mean

God saves

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What does Kyrios mean

Lord

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What does inri mean

Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews