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Flashcards in Test 5 Deck (25):
0

Who did the French and English Kings decide has to pay taxes to the crown

The clergy

1

What did the english kings threaten

No protection of law for clergy unless they paid the taxes

2

Who issued the unam sanctum

Pope Boniface VIII

3

What was the unam sanctum

Papal decree that says that every human including kings are subject to pope

4

Who was the compromise Pope after Boniface

Bertrand de Got (Clement the fifth)

5

Avignon papcy

- more peaceful than Rome
- papal territory
- closer than Rome to major centers of Catholicism

6

Which two popes excommunicated each other

Urban the 6th and and clement the 7th

7

What was the 3 pope conflict's name

The Great Western Schism

8

Who were the three popes in the great western schism

John the 23, Gregory 12, Benedict 13

9

Where was Gregory 12 from and what happened to him

Rome and he died

10

Where was Benedict 13 from and what happened to him

From Avignon
Refused to resign, went into exile

11

What happened to John 23 pope

Retired in Pisa

12

What was the council that resolved the schism

Constance

13

Who was elected to end the schism

Pope Martin 5

14

What was conciliarism

Belief that Church councils have greater authority than the Pope

15

What was the black plague's impact on religious life

- towns left without priests and sacraments
- loss of mentors for new young priests
- abbeys and monasteries fell into disrepair nd the monastic life declines
- heavy focus on death and afterlife, saints relics reverated

16

Who were blamed for spreading the plague

Jews

17

What was a heresy considered when Isabella and Ferdinand ruled

Crime against state and Church

18

What did the Spanish Inquisition do

- investigate the sincerity of the Muslims and Jews who had converted to Christianity
- Pope issues strict guidelines concerning how trials occured
- abuses and Jews persecuted

19

How did the spanish iquisition end

Muslims defeated in south, Jews forced to convert or leave country

20

Who was grand inquisitor

Torquemada

21

What was mysticism

Knowledge of God through experience

22

What is negative theology

Belief that God can never be known by the intellect alone

23

Where was hus from and what did he think

Prague, return to poverty and simplicity of the Gospels

24

Where was Savonarola from and what did he think

Italy, preached for moral reform was a Dominican