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Flashcards in Chapter 6 CH Deck (58):
1

What do indulgences do

Reduce time spent in purgatory due to sins committed

2

Who was Martin Luther

German Augustinian friar, catholic university professor and priest

3

What other factors added to controversy

Feelings of nationalism arose because money was being taken from Germany to Europe
- this was perceived as giving $ to leaders in Rome corrupt
- printing press helped Luther's charges spred through Europe

4

What sacrament were indulgences given with

Reconciliation

5

what pope threatened Luther with excoummunication unless he recanted

pope lea 10

6

wht were the 3 key issues of reormation

sola scriptura
sola fide
sola gratia

7

what did sola scriptura mean

only scriptyre, nothing about indulgences written in scripture

8

what did sola fide mean

only faith, only faith can get you to heaen

9

what did sola gratia mean

only grace, Only by Gods grace we can be saved

10

what was the edict of worms

it declared Luther a heretic and sentenced him to death

11

where did luther hide and who hid him

duke frederik. wartburg, germany

12

what was the peasants revolt

when the peasants revolted against German princes. ispired by Luther's stand up against Catholic Church

13

who did luther back in peasants revolt

princes bc too much violence

14

how many peasants klled in peasant revolt

130,000

15

what did the survivor peasants do

rejoin Church or radical protestant groups

16

what did the diet of speyer do

said taht each prince of Holy Roman Empire which was basically Germany could determine teh religion of his own terittory

17

what was the second diet of speyer

some reversals of first diet. luther called to be tried heretic

18

what did portesnatnts do

protested developments

19

what was the peace of augsburg

prince or king of each satte could, choose catholicism or lutheranism as religion of terittory people could move to territory where religion existed

20

what was the situtation in 1500s-1600s france

very ylittle protesantism. the avignon paacy where french leaders maintened strong control over internal Church matters. catholic scholars at french universities negate protesnat teachings

21

what were huguenots

french protesnats

22

why did henry 6thn not support protesntismj for french

remained catholic to support lower clases

23

what was the edict of nantes

huguenots could practice their religio in specified villages

24

what heald heresies in check with threat of force in spain

inquistion

25

who did hjenry 8th marry and where

catherine of aragon. engalnd

26

why did parliament decide that henry 8th was not subject to any foreignh power

pope refused to annul his marriage with catherine of aragon when she couldnt' give him a son. henry became head of Church in England

27

what two people were excuted for failing to take the oath of supremacy

thomas more and bishop fisher

28

what was ulrich zqingli

switxerland
- scripture sole source of truth
- no special authoirty of Church leaders to inetrpret it
- asked for right of priests to marry
- denied preseence in eucharist
- made theocracy in zurich switz.

29

what did john calvin say

switz
- elders or prestbyters ruled in Church and state
- all laws based on scripture but only clergy and prestbyers could interpret
- predestination

30

luther vs. Catholic Church on sola scriptura

luther - BIble alone is authoity of Christian life. divinely inspired
The Church - scripture and traditon guided by Holy Spirit

31

luther vs. catholics on sola fide

luther: salvation is free, humans can do nothing but have faith in God. justified by faith
Church - we are jsutified by Christ's death faith is a gift we must choose

32

luther vs. catholics on sola scriptura

luther - salvation coemes solely by divine grace. unearned gift of God not merited by sinner
Church - we use our feree will to copoerate with God's grace for salvatio

33

where did council of trent take place and what did it do

germany6
correct abuses within cChurch _ clarify theology. lasted for 18 years

34

what was the changes after the catholic reformation

= pope take care in selecting cardinals
- bishops instructed to live in and be more involved in diocese
- disciple reaffirmed for priests in west
- priests wear distincitive garb
- semenaries instituted

35

who was st. ignatius loyola

- former soldier from spane
- developed spiritual exercises such as examen and ignation prayer
- asked by pope to lead society of Jesus (Jesuits) as a response to protestantism

36

who was st. teresa of avila mystic

founded religious order in spaine called the decalced carmelites (without shoes)
- doctor o fthe Church
-xpained visions before inquisition

37

who was St. John of teh Cross

- spain
- reformed religious order of Carmelites
- docyor of the Church
- used sensual imagery to describe experience of God

38

what was the second diet of speyer

some reversals of first diet. luther called to be tried heretic

39

what did portesnatnts do

protested developments

40

what was the peace of augsburg

prince or king of each satte could, choose catholicism or lutheranism as religion of terittory people could move to territory where religion existed

41

what was the situtation in 1500s-1600s france

very ylittle protesantism. the avignon paacy where french leaders maintened strong control over internal Church matters. catholic scholars at french universities negate protesnat teachings

42

what were huguenots

french protesnats

43

why did henry 6thn not support protesntismj for french

remained catholic to support lower clases

44

what was the edict of nantes

huguenots could practice their religio in specified villages

45

what heald heresies in check with threat of force in spain

inquistion

46

who did hjenry 8th marry and where

catherine of aragon. engalnd

47

why did parliament decide that henry 8th was not subject to any foreignh power

pope refused to annul his marriage with catherine of aragon when she couldnt' give him a son. henry became head of Church in England

48

what two people were excuted for failing to take the oath of supremacy

thomas more and bishop fisher

49

what was ulrich zqingli

switxerland
- scripture sole source of truth
- no special authoirty of Church leaders to inetrpret it
- asked for right of priests to marry
- denied preseence in eucharist
- made theocracy in zurich switz.

50

what did john calvin say

switz
- elders or prestbyters ruled in Church and state
- all laws based on scripture but only clergy and prestbyers could interpret
- predestination

51

luther vs. Catholic Church on sola scriptura

luther - BIble alone is authoity of Christian life. divinely inspired
The Church - scripture and traditon guided by Holy Spirit

52

luther vs. catholics on sola fide

luther: salvation is free, humans can do nothing but have faith in God. justified by faith
Church - we are jsutified by Christ's death faith is a gift we must choose

53

luther vs. catholics on sola scriptura

luther - salvation coemes solely by divine grace. unearned gift of God not merited by sinner
Church - we use our feree will to copoerate with God's grace for salvatio

54

where did council of trent take place and what did it do

germany6
correct abuses within cChurch _ clarify theology. lasted for 18 years

55

what was the changes after the catholic reformation

= pope take care in selecting cardinals
- bishops instructed to live in and be more involved in diocese
- disciple reaffirmed for priests in west
- priests wear distincitive garb
- semenaries instituted

56

who was st. ignatius loyola

- former soldier from spane
- developed spiritual exercises such as examen and ignation prayer
- asked by pope to lead society of Jesus (Jesuits) as a response to protestantism

57

who was st. teresa of avila mystic

founded religious order in spaine called the decalced carmelites (without shoes)
- doctor o fthe Church
-xpained visions before inquisition

58

who was St. John of teh Cross

- spain
- reformed religious order of Carmelites
- docyor of the Church
- used sensual imagery to describe experience of God