Chapter 21: Social Movements and Social Change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 21: Social Movements and Social Change Deck (29):
1

acting crowds

crowds of people whoare focused on a specific action or goal

2

alternative movements

social movements that limit themselves to self-improvement changes in individuals

3

assembling perspective

a theory that credits individuals in crowds as behaving as rational thinkers and views crowds as engaging in purposeful behavior and collective action

4

casual crowds

people who share close proximity without really interacting

5

collective behavior

a non-institutionalized activity in which several people voluntarily engage

6

conventional crowds

people who come together for a regularly scheduled event

7

crowd

when a fairly large number of people share close proximity

8

diagnostic framing

when the social problem is stated in a clear, easily understood manner

9

emergent norm theory

a perspective that emphasizes the importance of social norms in crowd behavior

10

expressive crowds

crowds who share opportunities to express emotions

11

flash mob

a large group of people who gather together in a spontaneous activity that lasts a limited amount of time

12

frame alignment process

using bridging, amplification, extension, and transformation as an ongoing and intentional means of recruiting participants to a movement

13

mass

a relatively large group with a common interest, even if they may not be in close proximity

14

modernization

the process that increases the amount of specialization and differentiation of structure in societies

15

motivational framing

a call to action

16

new social movement theory

theory that attempts to explain the proliferation of postindustrial and postmodern movements that are difficult to understand using traditional social movement theories

17

prognostic framing

when social movements state a clear solution and a means of implementation

18

public

an unorganized, relatively diffuse group of people who share ideas

19

reform movements

movements that seek to change something specific about the social structure

20

religious/redemptive movements

movements that work to promote inner change or spiritual growth in individuals

21

resistance movements

those who seek to prevent or undo change to the social structure

22

resource mobilization theory

theory that explains social movements’ success in terms of their ability to acquire resources and mobilize individuals

23

revolutionary movements

movements that seek to completely change every aspect of society

24

social change

the change in a society created through social movements as well as through external factors like environmental shifts or technological innovations

25

social movement industry

the collection of the social movement organizations that are striving toward similar goals

26

social movement organization

a single social movement group

27

social movement sector

the multiple social movement industries in a society, even if they have widely varying constituents and goals

28

social movement

a purposeful organized group hoping to work toward a common social goal

29

value-added theory

a functionalist perspective theory that posits that several preconditions must be in place for collective behavior to occur