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Flashcards in Chapter 25 Deck (85):
1

What did the victors look not to do after WWI?

They looked to avoid war at all costs.

2

What did the losers of WWI look to do?

Reassert power and avenge losses

3

When did Japan set their sights on Manchuria?

1931

4

What ambitions did Italy have?

Italy had ambitions in Africa

5

What were Germany's ambitions?

To dominate Europe

6

When did Europe experience the rise of totalitarianism?

The inter war period

7

When did Italy become fascist?

1922

8

When did Germany become fascist?

1933

9

When did Spain become fascist?

1939

10

Who were the rulers involved in WWII?

Mussolini (Italy)
Stalin (Russia)
Hirohito (Japan)
Hitler (Germany)
Franco (Spain)
PM Neville Chamberlain/Winston Churchill (Britain)
FDR (US)

11

Americans experienced a period of what during the interwar period?

Americans experienced splendid isolation

12

What was Americas position from 1935-1941?

Neutrality

13

When did the Spanish civil war take place?

1936-1939

14

Who aided the Spanish in their civil war?

Fascists (Germany and Italy) and republicans from the USSR

15

When were the neutrality acts passed?

1935 and 1937

16

What two things did the neutrality acts do?

1) Avoid entanglement in foreign war
2) Prohibited sale of arms to nations at war

17

When was the good neighbor policy created and by who?

1933 by FDR

18

What two things did the good neighbor policy do?

1) US would not interfere in the internal/external affairs of another country.
2) Ended US military intervention in LA

19

In 1934 what/who rose to power in LA?

Dictators

20

Name 2 dictators in LA

Somoza and Machado

21

What does Italy invade in 1935?

Ethiopia

22

What does Germany occupy in 1936?

Rhineland

23

What does Germany annex in 1938?

Austria and Sudentland in czechoslovakia

24

In 1939 what does Germany occupy and sign?

The rest of Czechoslovakia; they signed the non aggression pact with the USSR

25

When did Japan launch an attack on China proper?

1937

26

What was the British response to the annex of Austria?

Leave rest of Czech alone.

27

Who was the British Prime Minister?

Neville Chamberlain

28

What did Germany do in 1939 as a response to Britain's demands?

Germany annexes rest of Czech and demands Poland

29

When did Germany invade Poland?

Sept 1, 1939

30

What triggered WWII and when?

German invasion of Poland in Sept.1, 1939.

31

What was the blitzkrieg?

Lightning war, German strategy

32

What did Germany conquer in the first year of the war?

Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium, and France

33

What was in Dunkirk?

The port of Dunkirk

34

When was the battle of Britain?

mid June 1940

35

Who counter attacks during the attack of Britain?

British royal air force

36

When did Germany join Italy in Africa?

1941

37

When did Germany invade the USSR?

1941

38

When did pearl harbor take place?

December 7, 1941

39

How many casualties were there in pearl harbor?

2400 killed

40

When did congress pass a new neutrality act and what did it emphasize?

1939; cash and carry

41

What was the deal between US and Britain in 1940?

Destroyer-Naval Base deal

42

What did the US pass in 1941 and become?

Lend lease act and became the arsenal of democracy

43

What was the Atlantic charter?

1) right of self determination
2) disarmament of aggressors
3) system of general security

44

What was operation Barbarossa?

Code name for Germany USSR invasion

45

When was Operation Barbarossa?

1941

46

How many men and tanks did operation Barbarossa have?

3-4M men and 3,000 tanks

47

When was the battle of Stalingrad?

Aug 1942-Feb 1943

48

What did Stalingrad mark and how many Germans died?

turning point on eastern front; 300,000 men died

49

What strategy did Allies adopt?

Europe first

50

Who won the battle of El Alamein and when did it occur?

1942 British victory

51

What was operation torch and when was it?

American african landing 1943.

52

When did the allies invade Sicily?

1943

53

What happens in Italy in 1945?

Mussolini is executed by Italian partisans

54

When did the allies invade Europe?

1944

55

What was operation Neptune?

Allied invasion of Europe through the beaches of France

56

What was the atlantic wall?

a 2,400-mile German fortification

57

What were the names of the beaches in Operation Neptune?

Gold, Juno, Omaha, Utah, and Sword

58

How many casualties were there in Operation Neptune?

4,000 killed and 1,000 wounded or missing

59

When does FDR die?

1945, April 12

60

When does Hitler commit suicide?

1945, April 30

61

When does Germany surrender?

May 7, 1945

62

What is V-E day?

May 8, 1945, celebrates European victory

63

When did the philippines fall?

1942

64

What was the Bataan death march?

Walk by captives captured in the Philippines

65

What were the Doolittle raids?

raids on tokyo by US, pilots were captured.

66

When was battle of midway

June 1942

67

What does japan lose in midway?

Japanese task force

68

What was the 1943 American strategy?

Island Hopping

69

What was the first American attack against Japan?

Battle of guadacanal

70

When did the US retake the Philippines?

1944

71

When did the marines take Iwo Jima?

March 1945

72

When did the marines take okinawa?

June 1945

73

What were the 2 atomic bombs and the order they were dropped?

Little boy (1) and fatman (2)

74

What and when was V-J day?

August 14; American victory over Japan.

75

How many American casualties were there?

approx 1.1 Million (405,000 killed, 670,000 wounded)

76

When was Executive order 9066 ordered and by who?

1942; FDR

77

What SC case took place in 1944?

Korematsu v. United States

78

What did congress issue in 1988 and what did it do?

Congress issued an apology and paid camp survivors 20k each

79

What were the war's economic effects?

1) National debt increased
2) GDP increased

80

How many men and women were enlisted in the army?

Over 14.5M men and 350,000 women, including 700,000 African americans

81

What did executive order 9066 do?

put approx 110,000 Japanese Americans in internment camps.

82

What was the largest campaign in WWII and remains the largest military campaign today?

Operation Barbarossa

83

How many people died in the holocaust?

11 million

84

What was appeasement?

British strategy aimed at avoiding a war with Germany in the late 1930s by not objecting to Hitler’s policy of territorial expansion.

85

What was the manhattan project?

Top-secret project authorized by Franklin Roosevelt in 1942 to develop an atomic bomb ahead of the Germans. The thousands of Americans who worked on the project at Los Alamos, New Mexico, succeeded in producing a successful atomic bomb by July 1945.