Chapter 31: Bone Mineral Homeostasis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 31: Bone Mineral Homeostasis Deck (36)
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31

Calcium Carbonate
(and Calcium gluconate, calcium citrate malate)

Helps with hypocalemic states like Rickets, osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism
Tums
Must be taken with food

32

Cinacalcet MOA, TX

MOA: increase senstivity of calcium sensing receptor....causes decreased secretion of PTH

TX: secondary hyperparathyroidism
hypercalcemia

DOES NOT REVERSE OR STOP BONE LOSS

33

Calcium Carbonate
(and Calcium gluconate, calcium citrate malate)

Helps with hypocalemic states like Rickets, osteomalacia, hypoparathyroidism
Tums
Must be taken with food

34

What drug would you give for a patient with severe hypophosphatemia?

Potassium phosphate

can cause diarrhea

35

What are the risks/concerns/adverse health effects for HRT with estrogen?

There is a significantly increased risk for breast cancer! Yikes!

also, vaginal bleeding and breast tenderness

36

Raloxifene

MOA: estrogen receptor AGONIST in bone
but is an estrogen receptor ANTAGONIST in endometrium and breast

Tx: prevent vertebral fractures