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Flashcards in chapter 39 Deck (28)
1

with rapid onset

acute

2

stereotyping or discriminating against old people

ageism

3

disease characterized by cerebral function loss as seen with disease that affect the brain

Alzheimer's diseases

4

disease process that causes loss of elasticity in the vascular walls from thickening and hardening vessels

arteriosclerosis

5

inflammation of the lungs caused by the aspiration of vomitus or other foreign matter

aspiration pneumonia

6

an increase in the size of the heart form a thickening of the heart wall, without a parallel increase in the size of the cavity

cardiac hypertrophy

7

long term progressing gradually

chronic

8

is a lung disease defined by persistently poor airflow as a result of breakdown of lung tissue (known as emphysema) and dysfunction of the small airways.
It typically worsens over time

Primary symptoms include: shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD)

9

occurs when the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump action to maintain blood flow to meet the needs of the body.

Heart failure can cause a number of symptoms including shortness of breath, leg swelling, and exercise intolerance.

congestive heart failure (CHF)

10

sudden on-set of altered mental status that may involve illusions, disjointed though process, incoherent speech, and increased/decreased psychomotor function

delirium

11

chronic condition resulting in the malfunction of normal cerebral processes.

dementia

12

an adverse or toxic reaction to a drug or drugs

drug toxicity

13

irregular contractions of the myocardium secondary to electrical disturbances in the heart

dysrhythmias

14

abnormally high core body temperature above 98.6

hyperthermia

15

shock caused by low core body temperature under 95 degrees

hypothermia

16

the amount of pressure within the skull

intracranial pressure (ICP)

17

abnormal curvature of the spine with convexity backwards

kyphosis

18

any disease of the nerve

neuropathy

19

a degenerative bone disorder associated with an accelerated loss of mineral primarily calcium

osteoporosis

20

is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli

pneumonia

21

is fluid accumulation in the air spaces and parenchyma of the lungs

pulmonary edema

22

is a blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a substance that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).

pulmonary embolism

23

is a transient symptom of "abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain

seizure

24

a myocardial infarction without chest pain and discomfort

silent heart attack

25

is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure

stenosis

26

is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism), or a hemorrhage

stroke

27

a brief period of unresponsiveness caused by lack of blood flow to the brain; fainting

syncope

28

is a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) – either focal brain, spinal cord or retinal – without acute infarction (tissue death)

transient ischemic attack