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Flashcards in chapter 39 Deck (28)
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1
Q

with rapid onset

A

acute

2
Q

stereotyping or discriminating against old people

A

ageism

3
Q

disease characterized by cerebral function loss as seen with disease that affect the brain

A

Alzheimer’s diseases

4
Q

disease process that causes loss of elasticity in the vascular walls from thickening and hardening vessels

A

arteriosclerosis

5
Q

inflammation of the lungs caused by the aspiration of vomitus or other foreign matter

A

aspiration pneumonia

6
Q

an increase in the size of the heart form a thickening of the heart wall, without a parallel increase in the size of the cavity

A

cardiac hypertrophy

7
Q

long term progressing gradually

A

chronic

8
Q

is a lung disease defined by persistently poor airflow as a result of breakdown of lung tissue (known as emphysema) and dysfunction of the small airways.
It typically worsens over time

Primary symptoms include: shortness of breath, cough, and sputum production.

A

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease (COPD)

9
Q

occurs when the heart is unable to provide sufficient pump action to maintain blood flow to meet the needs of the body.

Heart failure can cause a number of symptoms including shortness of breath, leg swelling, and exercise intolerance.

A

congestive heart failure (CHF)

10
Q

sudden on-set of altered mental status that may involve illusions, disjointed though process, incoherent speech, and increased/decreased psychomotor function

A

delirium

11
Q

chronic condition resulting in the malfunction of normal cerebral processes.

A

dementia

12
Q

an adverse or toxic reaction to a drug or drugs

A

drug toxicity

13
Q

irregular contractions of the myocardium secondary to electrical disturbances in the heart

A

dysrhythmias

14
Q

abnormally high core body temperature above 98.6

A

hyperthermia

15
Q

shock caused by low core body temperature under 95 degrees

A

hypothermia

16
Q

the amount of pressure within the skull

A

intracranial pressure (ICP)

17
Q

abnormal curvature of the spine with convexity backwards

A

kyphosis

18
Q

any disease of the nerve

A

neuropathy

19
Q

a degenerative bone disorder associated with an accelerated loss of mineral primarily calcium

A

osteoporosis

20
Q

is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli

A

pneumonia

21
Q

is fluid accumulation in the air spaces and parenchyma of the lungs

A

pulmonary edema

22
Q

is a blockage of the main artery of the lung or one of its branches by a substance that has travelled from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).

A

pulmonary embolism

23
Q

is a transient symptom of “abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain

A

seizure

24
Q

a myocardial infarction without chest pain and discomfort

A

silent heart attack

25
Q

is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure

A

stenosis

26
Q

is the rapid loss of brain function due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood flow) caused by blockage (thrombosis, arterial embolism), or a hemorrhage

A

stroke

27
Q

a brief period of unresponsiveness caused by lack of blood flow to the brain; fainting

A

syncope

28
Q

is a transient episode of neurologic dysfunction caused by ischemia (loss of blood flow) – either focal brain, spinal cord or retinal – without acute infarction (tissue death)

A

transient ischemic attack