Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency Flashcards Preview

Prehospital Emergency Care > Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapther 23 Abodominal, Hematological, Gynecologic, Genitourinary and renal emergency Deck (52)
Loading flashcards...
1

the largest artery in the abdominal cavity

abdominal aorta

2

when the large blood vessel (aorta) that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs becomes abnormally large or balloons outward.

abdominal aortic aneurysm

3

largest hollow space of the body. Its upper boundary is the diaphragm, a sheet of muscle and connective tissue that separates it from the chest cavity; its lower boundary is the upper plane of the pelvic cavity.

abdominal cavity

4

a sudden, severe abdominal pain of unclear etiology that is less than 24 hours in duration.

acute abdomen

5

swelling (inflammation) of the appendix. The appendix is a small pouch attached to the beginning of your large intestine.

appendicitis

6

a pain in the right upper quadrant or epigastric region. The gallbladder may be tender and distended.

cholcytstis

7

one of the two fluids used in dialysis. The other fluid being blood.

dialysate

8

procedure that is a substitute for many of the normal duties of the kidneys.

dialysis

9

a medical condition of pain during menstruation that interferes with daily activities

dysmenorrhea

10

is an often painful disorder in which tissue that normally lines the inside of your uterus

endometriosis

11

an inflammation or irritation of the lining of the uterus

endometeritis

12

extremely dilated sub-mucosal veins in the lower third of the esophagus

esophageal varices

13

a catchall term for infection or irritation of the digestive tract, particularly the stomach and intestine

gastroenteritis

14

the organ system of the reproductive organs and the urinary system.

genitourinary system

15

knees drawn to the chest and hands clenched over the abdomen

guarded position

16

medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina, and ovaries).

gynecology

17

the vomiting of blood

hematemesis

18

defecation in which feces are bloody

hematochezia

19

is the presence of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the urine

hematuria

20

protrusion of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.

hernia

21

is a partial or complete blockage of the bowel that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing through

intestinal obstruction

22

abdominal wall muscle contraction that the patient cannot control, as a result of an inflamed peritoneum

involuntary guarding

23

the patient stands on his or her toes, then allows his or her heels to hit the floor, thus jarring the body and causing abdominal pain in peritonitis.

Markel test

24

the passage of dark stools stained with altered blood

melena

25

the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans

menarche

26

the periodic flow of blood and mucosal tissue from the uterus; menstrual flow.

menses

27

a medical term for "ovulation pain" or "midcycle pain".

mittelschmerz

28

an inflammation of the pancreas

pancreatitis

29

a sharp sensation of distress in the parietal pleura, aggravated by respiration and thoracic movements and caused by pneumonia

parietal pain

30

a term for inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and/or ovaries as it progresses to scar formation

pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)