Flashcards in Chapter 7 Anatomy, Physiology, & Terinology Deck (162)
What is anatomy?
refers to the structure of the body and the relation of its parts to one another.
What is physiology?
refers to the function of the living body and its parts.
What is the anatomical position of the human body?
body standing erect, facing forward, with arms down at the sides and palms facing forward.
If a patient is lying face up on his back?
If a patient is lying face down on his stomach?
if a patient is lying on left or right side?
Lateral recumbent position
If a patient is lying on his back with his upper body elevated at a 45 to 60 degree
if a patient is lying on his back and his upper body is elevated at less than 45 degrees?
If a patient is lying on his back with the legs elevated higher than the head and body on an inclined plane (head down legs up)
Define the Shock position
feet and legs elevated
Are the Tredelenburg & shock position still used to treat patients in shock.
what are anatomical planes?
Divisions of the body
Which plane is a vertical plane that runs lengthwise and divides the body into right and left segments
Sagittal plane (median plane)
Which plane divides the body into front and back halves
Frontal (coronal plane)
this plane is parallel with the ground and divides the body into upper or lower halves
Transverses plane (horizontal plane)
what line is it when you draw a line vertically through the body.
Define the Midaxillary line
vertically from the middle of the armpit down to the ankle
what is the anterior plane
the patient's front
What is the posterior plane
the Patients back
What is the superior plane?
above the waist
What is the inferior plane?
Below the waist
Towards the front is?
Towards the back is
What meaning is toward the head or above the point of reference?
What meaning is toward the feet or below the point of reference.
toward the back bone or spine
towards the front or belly
towards the center of the body
left or right side of the midline