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Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (95):
1

What is the Legislative Branch also known as

Congress

2

What is the purpose of Legislative Branch

Make laws

3

What kind of Legislative Branch does the US have

Bicameral

4

The Two Branches of Legislature are

1. House of Representative
2. Senate

5

Congressional Session/Term lasts for how long

Two years

6

House of Representatives has how many members

435

7

House of Representatives

- Congress sets the number of representatives
- Membership is based on population
- Every state is guaranteed at least one representative
- Congress decides how many representatives a state has
- State Legislature draws the districts

8

Reapportion

- Every 10 Years there is a Federal Census, this means that every ten
years there is a Reapportion
DEFINITION: Redistributing the House of Representatives

9

What is an exemption of reapportion

Wesberry vs. Sanders: States that the districts must have equal population

10

Gerrymanding

The political party that controls the State Legislature
draws the districts in a way that will benefit their party

11

Qualifications To be A Member of the House of Representatives:

Must Be
1. 25
2. A US Citizens for 7 years
3. A resident of the state that you are going to represent

12

Members of the House of Representatives serve for how long

2 years
- All of them stand for re-election (can be voted out)

13

Presiding Officer of the House of Representatives is known as

Speaker of the House of Representatives

14

Current Speaker of the House of Representatives

John Boehner

15

Who are the Three Tennesseans who have been the Speaker

1. John Bell
2. James K. Polk
3. James Byrnes

16

Senate

- Each state gets two Senators (100 members)
- No matter of the population

17

How long do Senators serve

6 years

18

How does the Senate elections work

They have Staggered Elections

19

Staggered Elections

Every two years 1/3 of them are up for re-election

20

Who votes on the Senators

According to the 17th Amendment Senators are chosen by the voters

21

Qualifications to be a Senator:

Must be:
1. 30
2. A citizen for 9 years
3. A resident of the state you will represent

22

Who is the Presiding Officer

Vice President

23

Current Presiding Officer

Joe Biden

24

When the VP isn't there who is in charge

President Pro Tempore

25

How do you become the President Pro Tempore

Senior member of the
majority party

26

Current Pro Tempore

Patrick Leahy

27

Tennesseans who have been President Pro Tempore:

1. Joseph Anderson
2. Hugh Lawson White
3. Isham Harris
4. Kenneth McKellar

28

Responsibilities/Duties of Congressmen

1. Legislators: They make the laws
2. Committee Member
3. Represent your constituents (district members)
4. Servant of your constituents
5. Politician

29

Voting Options of Congressmen

They can vote as a:
1. Trustee
2. Delegate
3. Partisan
4. Politico

30

Trustee

They use their own judgement to vote

31

Delegate

Vote the way their constituents

32

Partisan

Vote the way your political party wants you to

33

Politico

Try to combine Trustee, Delegate, and Partisan

34

How much money does a congressman, senators, and house members
make?

174,000

35

Benefits for Congressmen:

1. Free medicare
2. Excellent retirement ($100,000)
3. Money for a home office
4. Travel expenses from home to Washington are paid for
5. Franking Privilege: Government pays for your mail-out
6. Government pays for monthly newsletters
7. Parking is free
8. They can't be arrested while congress is in session

36

Constitutional Powers of Congress

1. Expressed Powers
2. Implied Powers
3. Non-legislative Powers

37

Expressed Powers

Specifically stated powers

38

What are the Expressed Powers

A. Tax
B. Borrow Money
C. Regulate Commerce
D. Currency Power
E. Sets up Bankruptcy Laws
F. Foreign Relations
- Congress must approve all treaties
G. War power
H. Naturalization
I. Postal Power
J. Copyrights and Patents
K. Weights and Measures
L. Territories and Washington D.C.
M. Judicial Power
- Federal Judges are approved by the Senate

39

Tax

A charge levied by government on people or property to meet public needs

40

Types of Tax

1. Direct Tax
2. Indirect Tax

41

Direct Tax

Must be paid by the person on whom it is imposed

42

Indirect Tax

First paid by one person but then passed on to another

43

Limitations on Taxes (Things that can't be taxed):

1. Exports
2. Church services

44

War Powers Act of 1973

The President can send the troops in for 60 days

45

Naturalization

Immigrants becoming citizens

46

Implied Powers

Not specifically stated

47

Implied Powers are also called

Necessary and Proper Clause or Elastic Clause

48

What are the Non-legislative Powers

A. Constitutional Amendments
B. Electoral Duties
- Congress chooses P and VP if the Electoral College fails
C. Impeachment
D. Executive
- Congress approves presidential appointments and treaties
E. Investigatory

49

What happens on Opening Day for:
House of Representatives:

1. Speaker of the House is elected
2. The Dean of the House will give the oath of office to the Speaker of the House
3. Speaker of the House swears in the other members
4. Officers are elected
5. Rules are adopted
6. Committees are appointed

50

Speaker's Duties

1. Preside
2. Keep order

51

Current Speaker of the House of Representatives

John Boehner

52

Congress operates on the

Committee System

53

Senority Rule

The people who have been there the longest get the best positions

54

Standing Committees

Permanent Committees

55

Examples of Standing Committees

1. Agriculture
2. Ethics
3. Foreign Affairs
4. Rules

56

Select Committee

1. Temporary Committee
2. Have a specific purpose
3. Composed of members of both houses
4. Usually investigates something

57

Joint Committee

1. Composed of members of both houses
2. Temporary Committee
3. Usually investigates something

58

Conference Committee

1. Temporary
2. Powerful
3. Purpose is to produce a compromise bill that both houses will accept
4. Made up of members of both houses

59

Bill

Proposed law

60

Joint Resolution

Similar to a bill, has the force of law, but it deals with a temporary issue

61

Concurrent Resolution

Deal with issues in which the House of Representatives and the Senate must act together
- Does not have the force of law
-They do this in order to state a position

62

Rider

A provision that is attached to a major bill because it will not pass on its own

63

First Reading of a Bill

Bill is:
1. Introduced
2. Numbered, Given a title and Brief Summary
3. Entered into Journal and Congressional Record
4. Sent to a Committee

64

5 Things Can Happen When the Bill Gets To a Committee
They can:

1. Report the bill favorably
2. Refuse to report the bill
3. Report the bill unfavorably
4. Report the bill in amended form
- Add amendments to it and change it
5. Report a Committee bill
- Write a completely new bill

65

Second Reading

Committee of the whole looks at the bill
- Floor consideration

66

Third Reading

- Final vote on the bill
- Goes to the Conference Committee
- Then goes to the President

67

Options for the President when a bill comes

1. Sign the bill
- It becomes law
2. Veto the bill
3. Pocket Veto

68

Pocket Veto

If congress adjourns before 10 days and the president doesn't do anything

69

What happens if the president vetoes it

2/3 of Congress can vote to overturn the veto

70

Filibuster

Purpose is to stall a vote and talk as long as they can

71

Who has the longest Filibuster record

Strom Thurmond

72

How long did he speak?

24 hours and 18 minutes

73

What is the only way to prevent a Filibuster

Cloture

74

How do you get a Cloture

60 Senators have to agree to limit the debate time before

75

Patronage

Efforts to help constituents by personally providing jobs, public works, or benefiting as a favor

76

Pork-Barrel Legislation

Bills composed of items of patronage names and located in specific constituencies (usually public work deals)

77

Private Bill

A proposal to grant some kind of relief, special privilege, or exemption to the person named in the bill

78

Responsibilities of Congress

1. Statutes (laws)
2. Oversight of Administration
3. Oversight of Citizens
4. Advise and Consent
5. Debate
6. Direct Committee Government
7. Legislative Veto

79

Statutes (laws)

1. Authorization acts
2. Revenue acts
3. Appropriation acts (involves spending money)
4. Public acts

80

Oversight of Administration done through

1. Hearings
2. Investigations
3. Supervision (lobbyist)

81

Hearings

An inquiry conducted by congress to build a record on a specific bill already introduced

82

Investigations

Authorization by congress for a committee to examine a broad area or problem rather than a specific bill

83

Supervision (lobbyist)

Making sure lobbyist are not being taken advantage of too much

84

Advise and Consent

All presidential appointments, treaties, and bills must be approved by congress

85

Direct Committee Government

The practice of delegating certain congressional powers from the whole congress to one of its committees

86

Legislative Veto

Allows the president to propose changes in administrative organization procedures and regulations which become law if congress does not act on it in 60 days

87

Majority Floor Leader of the House of Reps

Eric Cantor

88

Minority Floor Leader of the House of Reps

Nancy Pelosi

89

Majority Whip of the House of Reps

Kevin McCarthy

90

Minority Whip of the House of Reps

Steny Hoyer

91

President of the Senate

Joe Biden

92

Majority Floor Leader of the Senate

Harry Reid

93

Minority Floor Leader of the Senate

Mitch McConnell

94

Majority Whip of the Senate

Dick Durbin

95

Minority Whip of the Senate

John Cornyn