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Flashcards in Legal Terms Deck (19):
1

Aquit

to find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial

2

Arbitration

the hearing and settlement of a dispute between opposing parties by a third party whose decision the parties have agreed to accept

3

Bench warrant

process issue by the court or
"from the bench" for the attachment or arrest of a person

4

Brief

a legal document, prepared by an attorney, which presents the law and fats supporting his clients

5

Corpus Delicti

the body or material substance upon which crime has been committed; ex: the corpse of a murdered person or the charred remains of a burned house

6

Docket

book containing entries of all proceedings in a court

7

Due Process

constitutional guarantee that an accused person receives a fair and impartial trial

8

Felony

a serious criminal offense for which the minimum sentence is one year

9

Indictment

written accusation of a grand jury charging a crime

10

Judgement

final determination by a court

11

Litigant

a person or group engaged in a lawsuit

12

Misdemeanor

criminal offense that is less than a felony and punishable by less than a year in jail

13

Probable cause

reasonable belief that a crime has been committed; the basis for all lawful searches

14

Subpoena

a written legal notice requiring a person to appear in court and give testimony or produce documentary evidence

15

Writ

a written court order directing a person to perform or refrain from performing a specific act

16

Writ of mandamus

an order issued by a court of superior jurisdiction commanding performance of a particular act by an inferior court of public official

17

Writ of appeal

the Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review as a matter of right, where the Court feels it has no choice

18

Writ of certiorari

the Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review at the discretion of four justices

19

Writ of habeas corpus

an order by a judge to have an accused person brought from prison to the court to determine if their detention was arbitrary