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Flashcards in Court Cases Deck (30):
1

Marbury vs Madison

Established the principal of Judicial Review

2

Judicial Review

The right of the court to determine the constitutionality of law

3

Fletcher vs Peck

The first time the federal courts declared a state law to be unconstitutional

4

McCulloch vs Maryland

The Bank of the US was declared constitutional

5

The Constitution gives Congress the authority to what

Carry out the powers expressly granted in the "necessary and proper clause"

6

Ableman vs Booth

When a person is in federal custody the state doesn't have jurisdiction

7

Texas vs White

Secession is not constitutionally possible

8

Guinn vs United States

The court overruled an Oklahoma "grandfather clause" because the intent was to disfranchise blacks and violate the 15th Amendment

9

Baker vs Carr

The division of voters where members of the state legislature are chosen must be equal
"One man, one vote"

10

Harper vs Virginia State Board of Elections

The poll tax, as a requirement for voting, is unconstitutional

11

Kirkpatrick vs Preisler

All districts must have equal population

12

Kilbourn vs Thompson

The investigative powers of Congress are limited to matters within its proper sphere, on which it has shown an intent to legislate

13

Gibbons vs Ogden

The court reaffirmed that Congress has the authority to regulate foreign and domestic trade

14

Selective Draft Law Cases

The draft is constitutional

15

Kendall vs United States

If Congress tells an officer to do something they have to do it

16

Clinton vs New York City

Congress lacks the power to give the president a line-item-veto. Only a constitutional amendment can grant an line-item-veto

17

Chaplinsky vs New Hampshire

Free speech doesn't include harmful speech

18

Dennis vs United States

Freedom of speech does not include any actions that's goal is the violence overthrow of the United States in peacetime or war

19

Tinker vs Des Moines School District

Students may express personal opinions as long as they do not materially disrupt classwork, create substantial disorder, or interfere with the rights of others

20

Board of Education of Westside Community Schools vs Mergens

Allowing students to meet on campus and discuss religion is constitutional because it does not amount to "state sponsorship of a religion"

21

Eichman vs United States

Flag burning constitutes expressive conduct, and thus is entitled to constitutional protection

22

Gideon vs Wainwright

Every felony defendant must be provided with a lawyer regardless of the defendants ability to pay

23

Escobedo vs Illinois

Everyone has a right to a lawyer. The Government has to let a person know that they have the right to remain silent.

24

Miranda vs Arizona

A suspect in the hands of police authorities must be clearly informed of his rights prior to any questioning

25

Gregg vs Georgia

The death penalty does not violate the constitution

26

Munn vs Illinois

The federal government can regulate public utilities

27

Standard Oil Company vs United States

The company was ordered to dissolve because it was using its economic power to restrain trade in violation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890

28

Roe vs Wade

The court declared a state law outlawing abortion unconstitutional because the law violated the due-process clause of the 14th Amendment which protects the right of privacy

29

Plessy vs Ferguson

Separate but equal accommodations for the races is constitutional

30

Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

"Separate but Equal" in the public school system is unconstitutional