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Flashcards in Legal Terms Deck (19):
0

to find a defendant not guilty in a criminal trial

aquit

1

the hearing and settlement of a disputes between opposing parties by a third party whose decision the parties have agreed to accept

arbitration

2

process issued by the court or "from the bench" for the attachment or arrest of a person

bench warrant

3

a legal document, prepared by an attorney, which presents the law and facts supporting his client

brief

4

the body or material substance upon which crime has been committed; e.g., the corpse of a murdered person or the charred remains of a burned house

corpus delicti

5

book containing entries of all proceedings in a court

docket

6

constitutional guarantee that an accused person receives a fair and impartial trial

due process

7

a serious criminal offense for which the minimum sentence is one year

felony

8

written accusation of a grand jury charging a crime

indictment

9

final determination by a court

judgement

10

person or group engaged in a lawsuit

litigant

11

criminal offense that is less than a felony and punishable by less than a year in jail

misdemeanor

12

reasonable belief that a crime has been committed; the basis for all lawful searches

probable cause

13

a written legal notice requiring a person to appear in court and give testimony or produce documentary evidence

subpoena

14

a written court order directing a person to perform or refrain from performing a specific act

Writ

15

an order issued by a court of superior jurisdiction commanding performance of a particular act by an inferior court or public official

Writ of Mandamus

16

the Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review as a matter of right, where the Court feels it has no choice

Writ of Appeal

17

the Supreme Court's acceptance of a case for review at the discretion of four justices

Writ of Certiorari

18

an order by a judge to have any accused person brought from prison to the court to determine if their detention was arbitrary

Writ of Habeas Corpus