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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (27):
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Major Problems Faced By Man

1. Survival
2. Getting along with society

1

What is the solution to problems of man?

Government

2

Define: Government

An institution through which society resolves conflicts allocates resources

3

Define: Allocates

Divides

4

Define: Politics

A process whereby collective decisions are made

5

Basic Principles Of Government

1. Government is the only legitimate institution that can exert force
2. Government can obtain compliance through consent or force
3. Individuals must lose freedom under a government

6

Common Assumptions About Government

1. Public officials operate within the law
2. Government decisions are responsive to public need
3. Public officials are accountable
4. Government belongs to the people

7

Define: State (Nation State)

Body of people living in a defined territory, organized politically and having the power to make and enforce law without the consent of a higher authority

8

To Be A State You Must Have

1. Population
2. Territory
3. Government
4. Sovereignty: Must have supreme power within borders

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Problem of Government (Democracy)

How to balance individual freedom against the collective good of all citizens

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Factors That Influence Government

1. Nationalism
2. Religion
3. Private property
4. Popular culture
5. Education
6. Participation and Cooperation

11

Origins Of The State

1. Force Theory
2. Evolutionary Theory
3. Divine Theory
4. Social Contract Theory

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Unitary

All power is in a centralized agency

13

Confederate

A league of sovereign states grouped around a central government (usually this government is weak)

14

Federal

Power is divided by a written constitution between a central and regional government

15

Presidential Government

Executive and Legislative are separate and equal

16

Parliamentary Government

Executive and Legislative are not separate

17

Dictatorship

Rulers are not responsible to the people

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Types of Dictatorships

1. Autocracy
2. Oligarchy

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Autocracy

1 person has absolute control

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Oligarchy

A small elite group controls the government

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Demos

People

22

Kratia

To rule

23

Direct/Pure

Everyone votes on every issue

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Indirect/Republic

The people choose representatives to vote on their behalf

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Foundations of Democracy

1. Every person has worth
2. All people are equal
3. Majority rule and minority rights
4. Necessity of compromise
5. Individual freedom

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3 Key Ideas of American Democracy

1. Liberty
2. Equality
3. Property