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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (49):
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Political party

A group of people who seek to control government by winning elections and holding public office

1

Functions of a political party

1) Nominating
2) Informer/stimulator
3) Bonding agent
4) Government
5) Watchdog

2

Nominating function

They select people to run for office

3

Informer/stimulator function

Informs the public and tries to stimulate interest to increase participation

4

Bonding agent function

They insure the good performance of office holders and candidates

5

Government function

Running the government

6

Watchdog function

Responsible for the minority party and watches over the conduct of the publics business

7

Why does the U.S. have two parties?

History and tradition
Electoral system
Ideological consensus

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What is the reasoning behind the "history and tradition" argument?

It started with federalists and anti-federalists

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What is the reasoning behind the "electoral system" argument?

We use single district pattern; winner takes all of the electoral votes

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What is the reasoning behind the "ideological consensus" argument?

We share the same political values; both believe in democracy

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Why do people choose a political party?

Family
Major events
Economic status
Age
Residence
Education

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Who is most likely to be a democrat?

Urban
Labor union
Jews
Catholic
Black
Poor
Upper class

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Who is most likely to be a republican?

Rural
Small business owners
Evangelicals
Middle class

14

Why do people not vote?

Apathy
The limitations on voting
They think it won't make a difference
People are uninformed
The weather
It's against their principles

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Organization of National Party

President
National chairman
National committee
National convention
Congressional campaign committee

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National chairman

Runs the day to day affairs of the party

17

National committee

Made up of people from different states

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National convention

Meets every 4 years to:
Select a presidential and vice presidential candidate
Write the party platform

19

Congressional campaign committee

Re-elect incumbents (someone running for re-election)
Elect challengers

20

4 purposes of state and local parties:

Build an effective organization
Promote unity
Find candidates
Provide campaign funds

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Minor party purpose

To force the major parties to address controversial issues

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Minor party goal

Play the spoiler role

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Spoiler role

Take the majority vote away from major parties

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4 types of minor parties

Ideological
Single issue party
Economic protest party
Splinter party

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Ideological party

Based on a specific set of beliefs

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Single issue party

Their origins are founded on a single issue

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Economic protest party

Rise during times of economic hardship

28

Splinter party

Broken away from a majority party
Usually forming around a strong personality

29

Examples of 3rd parties

Free-soil party
Know-nothings party
Greenbacks party
Populist party
Socialist party
Bull moose party
States rights democrats/dixiecrats
American independent party
Reform party

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Leader of free-soil party

Martin van Buren

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Leader of greenback party

James Weaver

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Leader of populist party

William Jennings Bryan

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Leader of socialist party

Eugene Debbs

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Leader of bull moose party

Theodore Roosevelt

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Leader of states rights democrats/dixiecrats

Strom Thurmond

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Leader of American independent party

George Wallace

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Leader of reform party

Ross Perot

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Electoral process

Nomination
Primary elections
Direct primary
Run-off primary
Non partisan primary
Contestant primary
Non-contestant primary

39

Nomination

The naming of those who seek office

40

How do nominations happen?

Self announcement
Caucus (a group of likeminded people who meet to select a candidate)
Convention (party members chose delegates who will represent them at a national convention)

41

What was the first party to have a convention for nominations?

Anti-Mason party

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Direct primary

An election held within the party to pick the parties candidates for the general election

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Closed primary

Only declared party members can vote

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Open primary

Any qualified voter can vote

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Run off primary

Run off between the top two voters

46

Non partisan primary

Candidates are not identified by a political party

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Contestant primary

Two or more candidates running for office

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Non contestant primary

Only one candidate running