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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (48):
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Executive Branch Purpose

Carry out laws

1

Roles of the President

1. Chief of State
2. Chief Executive
3. Chief Administrator
4. Chief Diplomat
5. Commander-in-Chief
6. Chief Legislator
7. Chief of Party
8. Chief Citizen

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What does it mean that the President is Chief of State?

He is the Ceremonial Head of Government

3

What does it mean that the President is Chief Executive?

He makes sure that laws are carried out

4

What does it mean that the President is Chief Administrator?

He is in charge of all of the governments civilian employees

5

What does it mean that the President is Chief Diplomat?

He is the architect of foreign policies

6

What does it mean that the President is Chief Legislator?

He shapes the overall agenda of Congress

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What does it mean that the President is Chief of Party?

Head of his Party

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What does it mean that the President is Chief Citizen?

He represents all of the people

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Qualifications to become President:

1. 35 years old
2. Natural born citizen
3. Lived in US for 14 years

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Presidential term is how long

4 years

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What does the 22nd Amendment say

President can serve two 4 year terms or for a total of 10 years

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Benefits for being President:

1. $400,000
2. White House- Everything is free

13

Presidential Succession Act

States who takes over if President dies
1. VP
2. Speaker of the House
3. President Pro Tempore
4. Secretary of State

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What does the 25th Amendment say?

States:
A. That the VP would become President in case of
1. Death
2. Removal
3. Resignation
B. VP can become acting President if
1. President informs Congress in writing that he is unable to perform his duties
2. VP and a majority of the Cabinet inform Congress in writing that the President is unable to perform his duties

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How do you elect a President

1. Primary Elections
2. National Convention
3. General Election
4. Electoral College

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Purpose of a Primary election

To select delegates for the National Convention

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Purpose of the National Convention

Choose the Presidential and Vice Presidential Candidates

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Purpose of the General Election

To select electors

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What is the purpose of the Electoral College

To select President and VP

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What determines how many electors that each state has?

Population

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How do you win in the electoral college

Have to win them majority

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What happens if the electoral college fails to choose a President?

House of Representatives choose the president (Each state gets one vote)

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What happens if the electoral college fails to elect a VP

The Senate chooses a VP

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President's Executive Powers

1. Execute laws
2. Ordinance power
3. Appointing Powers: Must be approved by Senate
4. Removal Power

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What is an exception to the Removal Power?

The President can not remove Federal Judges

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What is an example of an Ordinance Power?

Executive Order: A rule or directive that has the force of law

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Presidents Diplomatic Powers

1. Make treaties: Must be approved by the Senate
2. Executive agreements
3. Power of recognition

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Executive agreements

A pact between the President and a foreign leader

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Power of Recognition

President has the right to legally recognize an official government and nations

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President's Military Power

1. Commander-in-chief
2. War Powers Resolution/Act of 1973

34

War Powers Act of 1973

President can only send troops in for 60 days, after that he must have Congress approval

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Presidents Legislative Powers

1. Recommend Legislation
2. Veto Power
3. Special Session of Congress

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Where does the President recommend legislation?

In the:
1. State of the Union Address
2. Federal Budget

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What can the President do when he gets a bill

1. Sign
- It becomes law
2. Veto
- Its dead
3. Do nothing for 10 days when Congress is still in session, then bill becomes law
4. Pocket Veto

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Pocket Veto

If the President does nothing for 10 days Congress can adjourn (not in session) and the bill dies

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Special Session of Congress

Congress can only deal with one issue

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Presidents Judicial Powers

1. Reprieve
2. Pardon
3. Commutation
4. Amnesty

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Reprieve

The post-ponement of the execution of a sentence

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Pardon

Legal forgiveness for a crime

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Commutation

To reduce the sentence or fine that is imposed by the court

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Amnesty

A general pardon offered to a group of lawbreakers

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Executive Office of the President

1. White House Office
2. National Security Council
3. Office of Management and Budget
4. Council of Economic Advisors
5. Office of National Drug Control Policy
6. Cabinet

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What does the National Security Council do?

Advise the President on national security

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What does the Office of Management and Budget do?

They create the Federal Budget

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What does the Council of Economic Advisors do?

Watch for economic trends

49

What does the National Drug Control Policy do?

Decide how to stop drugs

50

Who are the Cabinet members?

They are Department Heads
Not professionals in their departments