Chapter 5 - quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - quiz 1 Deck (23):
0

What two ancient cities were unearthed in India in the 1920s?

Harappa

Mohenjo-Daro

1

How do historians know the people of the Harappan civilization were intelligent and advanced?

Very organized cities
two-story houses with usable rooms
indoor plumbing and sewer system

More artifacts showed Indus people were artistic and skilled craftsmen

2

Who discovered the ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro?

Sir John Marshall

3

These cities have been dated at approximately 2300 BC, and they existed at the same time as Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.

Harappa
Mohenjo-Daro

4

Where were Harappa and Mohenjo-DaroThese found?

The Indus Valley (Pakistan)

5

What geographic feature did the Harappan Civilization live near?

Indus River (in Pakistan).

Show map on page 120

6

What was the name of the civilization and people that lived in Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro?

Harappan civilization

7

Why is the Harappan language difficult to decipher?

no artifact like the Rosetta Stone exists that can translate it

8

What group of people took control of the Indus Valley after the Harap- pans disappeared?

Aryan Civilization

9

True or False: Since a lot of the Harappan artifacts had pictographs drawn on them, it is easy to understand the Harappan language?

False

Missing the "Rosetta Stone" to crack the code

10

Who are scholars who study languages?

Linguists

11

Why don't we know a lot about the Harappan culture?

We can't understand their language

12

Evidence suggests Harappan civilization came to an end between 1700 and 1500 BC. What could have happened?

Invasion
Flood
Famine

13

Nomads from the north called themselves Arya, which means.....

Noble

14

Why do we know more about the Aryans then the Harappans?

Aryans had a written language

15

The written language of the Aryans is called ____?

Sanakrit

16

Much of this culture's art reflected their religious beliefs. Sculptures of gods and goddesses were very common and were probably used in worship.

Aryans

17

When do the rains arrive in India?

Summer monsoon season

18

What is a wind that reverses direction with the change of season

Monsoon

19

India’s summer winds blow from which direction? What body of water?

Southwest

the Indian Ocean

Once over land, the water vapor in the air condenses and falls as rain.

20

This country's name means "land of the Aryans"

Iran

21

Who took the the Aryan name and believed in a superior race in Germany until the U.S. And British defeated him in WWII?

Hitler

22

Hitler also borrowed one of Aryan symbols.... In sanskrit this means "a sign of good luck"?

Swastika