Chapter 5 - last Section Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 5 - last Section Deck (14):

_______ is the word’s origin or history, including what language the word came from.

English words from Sanskrit:
bandanna guru jungle
loot mantra orange
shawl sugar yoga



What did Asoka do to encourage the spread of Buddhism in Asia?

Sent Buddhist missionaries to areas outside his own borders. Many other Asian countries adopted Buddhism. (Japan, China, Korea, Tibet, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka)


What are some of John Marshall’s contributions to our knowledge of ancient India?

British archaeologist who became famous for his work in India in the early 1900s.

Director General of Archaeology in India.

He excavated sections of the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro.

Helped uncover the ruins of the Mauryan Empire.

John Marshall helped restore the Great

He organized excavations, recorded data, and established museums. He also recruited and trained Indian nationals to help him. Marshall was knighted in 1914 and received numerous other awards for his work.


This young Indian warrior was the first ruler in the Mauryan dynasty. He met Alexander the Great. He had 600,000 soldiers and most of northern India was under his rule.

Chandragupta Maurya


What area did Chandragupta conquer and what was his capital city?

Ganges River Valley.


How does the size of the Mauryan Empire compare with the Harappan civilization?
(See map of india in photos)

Much bigger, but it was built on a major river (indus and ghanges)


He was the grandson of Chandragupta, came to the throne in 273 BC. He was one of the greatest rulers of the Mauryan Empire.



He united most of the Indian subcontinent under his leadership. He also built thousands of dome-shaped shrines called stupas. He gave his people better loves by making improvements like wells, trees, and hospitals



This is a dome-shaped shrines created by Asoka:



What are the two types of Buddhism? Compare them:

Theravada: southern Asia. Very strict. Follows Siddhartha Gautauma more closely.

Mahayana: Less strict. They do not believe it is as difficult to reach enlightenment. Larger of the two branches


Most people in modern India believe in this religion today: Why?


Ancient Hindu priests saw Buddhism as a threat to India’s caste system.

Asoka tolerated those who opposed Buddhism and allowed them to practice other religions.


What year did Asoka die?

When was the last Mauryan king?

233 BC

184 BC


Nearly six hundred years later, around 400AD, a great empire called the _____ was established in India.

This empire began a period called the ___ __ of ___.

Gupta (wimpy kid)

Golden Age of India


What is the most famous Stupa created by Asoka?

Great Stupa.