Chapter 9 - Quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Quiz 1 Deck (18):
0

Who were the earliest people of the Roman civilization?

Latins

1

What are some of the ways the Etruscans improved the Roman way of life?

They introduced a writing system, built roads, arches, canals

2

A ______ is a story about historical events that has been passed down for generations. that are often told as truth. They have not been proven and are likely untrue.

Legend

3

In the legend of Rome's founding... What were the twins names that were rescued by the wolves?

Romulus and Remus.

4

These people conquered the Latins and took over Rome. Rome became the most powerful and respected city in the region.

The Etruscans

5

In what form of Government can citizens can vote and control the power of government through officials they elect?

A Republic

7

The Roman people were grouped into two social classes. ________ (wealthy) and ________ (common people).

The patricians made up the ruling class. They were the wealthy landowners and nobles.

The plebeians made up the working class. They were the common people, such as farmers, traders, and craftsmen. Most people were plebeians.

8

What new form of government did the Romans establish after they drove out the Etruscan king?

a republic

9

What were the concessions that the patricians gave to the plebeians?

their own assembly
Veto power
Eventually allowed to marry patricians
They could be elected as consuls
Eventually made laws and were equal to senate

10

The _______ was a bundle of rods bound around an axe, was used as a symbol of the king’s power.

Fasces

11

Roman Republic was divided into three governing branches—the ______, ________, and ________.

The consuls (2 patriarchs replace king. Served as judges and controlled the Army)

The Senate - all patriarchs. most powerful branch. 300 members served for life. Controlled $.

The Assembly - elected consuls. Voted on new laws. Declared laws.

12

What was the name of the most powerful Assembly?

Assembly of Centuries

13

What was the name of the Plebeian's assembly?

Tribal Assembly

14

The Tribal Assembly elected ten leaders, called ________. They protected the rights and the interests of the common people.

Tribunes

15

The Plebeians wanted more laws written down to protect them. They became the foundation of Roman Civil law:

Law of the Twelve Tables

16

What was the open area where Law of the Twelve Tables were displayed for everyone to see?

Roman Forum

17

This is The Latin word that means "I forbid.”

Veto

18

This is a form of government ruled by laws and representatives chosen by the people?

A Republic (same as USA)