Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Quiz 1 Deck (20):
What period in Greece was a peak of human achievement?
classical age of Greece
What year did the Classic Age of Greece start? This was the glorious period where the Greeks reached a peak of human achievement.
The southern portion of this peninsula is called the _______?
True or False: Greece’s mild climate, rugged coastline, and lots of islands led its people to become fishermen, seafarers, and traders. It was often easier to travel on the sea than on the mountainous land.
The earliest known civilization from the land of Greece is the _______ civilization.
The Minoans lived on the island of ______.
Put these Greek civilizations in order from oldest, to newest:
a. Classic Age
b. Dark Ages
Minoan (Crete, beautiful palaces, bathtub, water)
Mycenaean (military palaces, started Trojan War)
Dark Age (no written history, city-states, monarchy)
Greek city-state (especially during Dark age) was sometimes ruled by a king. This type of government is called a _______, which comes from the Greek word for “rule by one.”
Why do you think the Greeks chose to have separate, self-governing city-states rather than one central government?
Family's shared customs and languages. Mountains and valleys also divided the land
How did the governments of Sparta and Athens change after the dark age?
Sparta: kept oligarchy with a few nobles rule everyone
Athens: common people had a voice in Assembly. Some became tyrants. Democracy came later
How was life different for people in Athens compared with those in Sparta?
Sparta - only cared about war. No art advancements. All boys were given to the Army or killed. Women were active in jobs outside home. Some owned property.
Athens - women were sheltered and stayed home. common people had a voice in Assembly. Some became tyrants. Democracy came later
The two most famous citystates were ______ and ______.
Athens and Sparta
What type of government system did Athens and Sparta use?
This is defined as a “rule by the few.”
Athens resented a few noblemen ruling them. One Athenian nobleman named ______ wrote new laws that allowed men of the lower classes to participate in government.
These men who ruled with absolute authority were called ______?
One tyrant who brought improve ments was Cleisthenes. Under his leadership all male citizens over eighteen years old in Athens could attend meetings of the Assembly.
This was a group of citizens who met together to make laws.
The word ______ comes from the Greek words that mean “rule by the people.”
How is this different than Oligarchy?