Chapter 10 - quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

Heritage > Chapter 10 - quiz 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - quiz 2 Deck (21):
1

T or F: After the Nika Revolt destroyed the City, Justinian raised taxes more and made city even more beautiful? Give an example:

True.

Hagia Sophia (shape of a cross covered with a dome)

2

Hagia Sopia means?

Holy Wisdom

3

The Byzantine Army became very weak. Their army was made of _______, foreigners hired to join the army

Mercenaries. Could not defend Syria, Balkan Peninsula or Italy.

4

Without this person, the Byzantine Empire might have disappeared?

Heraclius

5

What positive changes took place under Heraclius?

Reformed the Army: Convinced church to give $$$. Fired the mercenaries, and trained peasants in army

Divided land into provinces called Themes and peasants defended it

made everyone speak Greek

6

Trade flourished under Heraclius. People who had the same skills formed special groups called _______

guilds. Byzantine spies discovered how Chinese made silk

7

This person saw Christianity and Judaism and took the ideas back to the Arabian peninsula to start a new religion?

Muhammad (founder of Islam) called Muslims

8

Muhammad had revelations from the angel Gabriel. The words were written into a "bible" called the ______

Quran (God = Allah)

9

T or F: Muhammad wanted to practice polytheism?

False/ he was mono-theistic

10

Muslims who did not follow Islam were called ______?

Infidels

11

Five Pillars (rules) of Islam:

1. Believe There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet
2. Pray five times a day facing mecca
3. Give to the poor
4. Fast (dont eat) between sunrise and sunset during Ramadan
5. Make one pilgrimage to Mecca

12

Islam vs Christianity

Islam/Christian
Same: Believe in 1 God.

Difference:
Islam's God is not trinity.
Jesus is not the son of God (just a prophet)
People not guaranteed heaven, it depends if Allah wants them (Bible says mercy is guaranteed by God). (Just accept Jesus)

13

This is a "sacred journey"

Pilgrimage

14

What three cities do Muslims consider sacred? Why is Jerusalem important to Muslims?

Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem
Jerusalem has the "Dome of the Rock": Where Muhammad went to heaven

15

What caused divide between West (Pope) and East (Constantinople) branches of the church?

Iconoclasm: painting over or destroying religious icons

The West (Pope in Rome) and East (patriarch in Constantinople) excommunicated each other from the church. West= Roman Catholic Church
East= Eastern Orthodox

16

Someone who leads the Muslims is called a _____?

Caliph

17

A "Holy War" fought for Islam is called ______? This term is also used as a mental struggle to become a good Muslim.

Jihad (to strive hard"

18

This Byzantine ruler had a lot of experience with the empire's enemies. Fought Muslims with Greek Fire:

Leo III (Leo the Syrian)

19

These are sacred images representing Christ, Mary, saints or other subjects?

Icons (Iconoclasm = destroy icons)

20

What years did Byzantine Empire have its Golden Years?

850 - 1050

21

These two missionaries translated the bible into Slavic so people could read the gospel for themselves?

Cyril and Methodius