Flashcards in Chapter 10 - quiz 2 Deck (21):
T or F: After the Nika Revolt destroyed the City, Justinian raised taxes more and made city even more beautiful? Give an example:
Hagia Sophia (shape of a cross covered with a dome)
Hagia Sopia means?
The Byzantine Army became very weak. Their army was made of _______, foreigners hired to join the army
Mercenaries. Could not defend Syria, Balkan Peninsula or Italy.
Without this person, the Byzantine Empire might have disappeared?
What positive changes took place under Heraclius?
Reformed the Army: Convinced church to give $$$. Fired the mercenaries, and trained peasants in army
Divided land into provinces called Themes and peasants defended it
made everyone speak Greek
Trade flourished under Heraclius. People who had the same skills formed special groups called _______
guilds. Byzantine spies discovered how Chinese made silk
This person saw Christianity and Judaism and took the ideas back to the Arabian peninsula to start a new religion?
Muhammad (founder of Islam) called Muslims
Muhammad had revelations from the angel Gabriel. The words were written into a "bible" called the ______
Quran (God = Allah)
T or F: Muhammad wanted to practice polytheism?
False/ he was mono-theistic
Muslims who did not follow Islam were called ______?
Five Pillars (rules) of Islam:
1. Believe There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet
2. Pray five times a day facing mecca
3. Give to the poor
4. Fast (dont eat) between sunrise and sunset during Ramadan
5. Make one pilgrimage to Mecca
Islam vs Christianity
Same: Believe in 1 God.
Islam's God is not trinity.
Jesus is not the son of God (just a prophet)
People not guaranteed heaven, it depends if Allah wants them (Bible says mercy is guaranteed by God). (Just accept Jesus)
This is a "sacred journey"
What three cities do Muslims consider sacred? Why is Jerusalem important to Muslims?
Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem
Jerusalem has the "Dome of the Rock": Where Muhammad went to heaven
What caused divide between West (Pope) and East (Constantinople) branches of the church?
Iconoclasm: painting over or destroying religious icons
The West (Pope in Rome) and East (patriarch in Constantinople) excommunicated each other from the church. West= Roman Catholic Church
East= Eastern Orthodox
Someone who leads the Muslims is called a _____?
A "Holy War" fought for Islam is called ______? This term is also used as a mental struggle to become a good Muslim.
Jihad (to strive hard"
This Byzantine ruler had a lot of experience with the empire's enemies. Fought Muslims with Greek Fire:
Leo III (Leo the Syrian)
These are sacred images representing Christ, Mary, saints or other subjects?
Icons (Iconoclasm = destroy icons)
What years did Byzantine Empire have its Golden Years?
850 - 1050