Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Quiz 2 Deck (33):
On what occasions was music played in the Chou Dynasty?
Worship, work and pleasure (archery tournaments)
What did Confucius believe was needed to keep harmony and order in a society?
The 5 basic human relationships.
This is a scholar who dedicates himself to the pursuit of earthly wisdom.
What is a wise saying that expresses a simple truth?
What is this an example of: "Learning without thought is a snare; thought without learning is a danger.” Or "A man who lives in a glass house, must get dressed in the basement"
This teacher believed even the poorest person could have a good future if he had a good education.
What type of job had more influence in Chinese society than priests and warriors? HINT: Confucius was one
Scholars. no one exceeded the influence of the scholars.
What books and subjects were the most important to be considered a true scholar in China?
Poetry, rituals, conduct, music, history
Confucius lived around the same time as Buddha (500BC). His philosophy is contained in a collection of his sayings (proverbs) called the ______?
True or False: Confucius believed that simple proper behavior could solve the problems of society.
True: (Do onto others as you would have them do onto you)
In the five basic human relationships..... a person’s duty is to ........?
Obey the older person or ruler..... And the older person/ruler must set a good example of those under him.
Differences between Confucianism and Christianity (bible):
Confucianism: most important belief is in the five basic human relationships. Christian: most important relationship is between man and God. Confucianism: Says people are basically good. Christianity: unsaved people always sin Confucianism: man-centered. Doesn't talk about a God. Christians: believe God exists. Confucianism: children must fulfill their parents’ wishes, even if theyre wrong. Christianity: loyalty to God before parents
Describe the Five Basic Human Relationships: Whose duty is to set a good example Who must show respect and obedience Father, son Elder brother, younger brother Husband, wife Older friend, younger friend Ruler, subject
What changes did Qin Shi Huang Ti make to help to unify China?
He was the second most influential teacher in China after Confucius?
Lao Tzu's teachings were called
Taoism (DOU iz um)
The word "tao" means?
What did Taoism believe?
Peace and happiness achieved by living in harmony with nature. Don't seek power, wealth, or learning. Be content with a simple lifestyle. Everyone should live together in love and peace.
He wrote many proverbs and his ideas greatly influenced China’s classical age.
This idea is an example of what belief? "Men should be like water and simply let things flow in a natural way"
Compare Confucius with Taoism: Humans are #1 or Nature is #1 Active life style and hard work/passive lifestyle and relaxation Be responsible for obligations/avoid responsibility Government can improve our lives/No Government
True or False: in many ways, Confucianism and Taoism are opposites.
Taoism vs Christian
Taoism: people should not try to make things better for themselves and desire nothing Christians: should have good desires. Should also do their best to improve the world around them for God’s glory Taoism: people should not plan but simply accept what happens in any situation. Christians: God gives them commands to obey. Taoism: man in harmony with nature. Christian: man in control of nature
They believed that people were evil by nature and needed to be controlled by strict laws. This Chinese philosophy was known as _____?
Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism all became popular in China. Which one was the first to try their beliefs in China.
Legalism controlled China
Since China didn't have a strong central government and its ruling families struggled to keep power. This lead to what powerful Dynasty?
The Qin dynasty began in 221 BC. China became more unified and under a fierce emperor Qin Shi Huang Ti. His name means ______ _______?
This is a government managed with bureaus, or departments, with appointed officials
This ruler set up a Legalist government with 36 districts and appointed govenors over his bureaucracy?
Qin Shi Huang Ti
Who said "I have brought order to the mass of beings.” He made same laws and taxes for everyone. He standardized weights, measurements, and the money system. All Chinese people were required to use the same writing system.
Qin Shi Huang Ti
China was mostly unified under this Dynasty? What was built to help make it unified?
Qin Roads same width, canals, irrigation