Chapter 8 - Last Section Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Last Section Deck (28):
0

Why are the epics the Iliad and the Odyssey important in under­ standing ancient Greece?

The poems show how life and culture wow in ancient Greece during the dark age.

Shows the values every good hero should have, such as dignity, strength, valor, generosity, and wisdom

1

Wealthy boys in Greece had a servant accompany the, to school..... They were called ______.

Pedagogues

2

The Greeks had an alphabet with _____ letters

24

3

He was a blind poet that wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Homer (simpson)

4

The _____ tells the story of the Trojan War.

The ______ recounts the adventures of the Greek hero Odysseus.

Iliad

Odyssey (Odysseus)

5

What kind of poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey?

Epics

6

A ____ is a story designed to teach a lesson. The characters usually involved animals acting like humans. They usually did NOT involve the gods.

Fable

7

A fable usually stated its point in a brief closing statement called the _______.

Moral

8

He was a Greek slave and the author of many of fables.

Aesop

9

The Greeks had plays in huge outdoor theaters called ________.

Amphitheaters

10

There were two types of Greek drama: _____ and ________.

Comedy and tragedy

11

He wrote a lot of Greek comedies:

He wrote a lot of tragedies:

Aristophanes

Sophocles



12

_______ usually ended with the downfall of the hero because of a character flaw, such as pride or
jealousy

Tragedies

13

What did Greek actors wear so the far away crowd could tell what the actors were feeling?

Masks

14

Who was the king with the Golden Touch?

What is the moral of this story?

Midas

Be careful what you wish for

15

Midas, the King with a Golden Touch is an exampke of a _______?

Myth

16

Hippocrates:
Archimedes:
Euclid:
Pythagoras:
Eratosthenes:
Aristarchus:

Hippocrates: Father of medicine. Doctor oath

Archimedes: advanced the lever and compound pulleys, machines that make the moving of objects easier

Euclid: father of geometry

Pythagoras: studied geometry and came up with an important theorem about triangles

Eratosthenes: drew latitude/longitude. Circumference of the Earth

AriSTARchus: first to suggest Sun was was at center of the universe

17

This is a carefully tested idea in math

Theorem

18

A Greek instrument with wooden frame with rows of movable beads used in math

Abacus

19

Where were the Olympic games held in Greece?

A. Sparta
B. Athens
C. Olympia
D. Mekinos

C. Olympia

20

This God was the God of music. Art showed him playing this instrument?

Apollo

Lyre (small harp)
Aulos (flute)

21

Greeks believed a group of 9 goddesses called the ______ presided over each of the arts.

Muses

22

True or false: Important qualities of Greek art were balance, harmony, simplicity, beauty, and completeness

True

23

Greeks made three types of columns:

Ionic
Doric
Corinthian

(I Dont Care)

24

This structure is an enormous temple of white marble on top of the Acropolis. Statue of Goddess Athena was there

Parthenon

25

A military genius, he spread Greek culture around the world

Alexander the Great

26

What was one of the most important benefits of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek (Hellenistic) culture?

brought a common language to the Western world

Common language helped spread the word of Jesus story.

Greek was a common language at the time the New Testament was written.

27

***ESSAY***

Two differences between Greek Gids and our God:

Greeks: worshiped gods who were very much like humans. They were just as sinful as humans are.

Bible God: God is perfectly holy. God never sins.

Greeks: thought they needed to make sacrafices to win approval from Gods.

Bible God: only accepts us because of the ultimate sacrafice from Jesus