Chapter 11 - quiz 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - quiz 1 Deck (16):
0

What was probably the oldest Mesoamerican civilization? (Had large heads)

Olmec (means rubber people)

1

Scientists who study the origins of man?

Anthropologist

2

What is the most popular theory for how people arrived in Mesoamerica?

across the Bering Strait in Alaska

3

This is the name of the area between central Mexico and Costa Rica in Central America?

Meso-America

4

The cities of San Lorenzo Tenochtitlán and La Venta were in what civilization?

Olmec

5

The most famous findings from the Olmec civilization are gigantic stone heads. The Olmecs carved these heads from stone, jade, and a volcanic rock called ______?

Basalt

6

Olmecs used what tree's sap to make rubber and latex?

cahuchu (“weeping trees")

7

By AD 250, this civilization dominated the region, made scientific advancements, and built city­states?

Mayan

8

One of the largest and most magnificent Mayan city­states was _____?

Tikal

9

In the mid­1500s, a Spanish priest named ______________ tried to make the Mayas accept Roman Catholicism. He wrote about the Mayans

Diego de Landa

10

These people were one of the early civilizations that developed the idea of zero, based their number system on 20, and studied Astronomy?

Mayans

11

Mayas recorded ideas in a book called a _____? Books spoke of Astronomy, but not how they lived or died.

Codex

12

This is where Mayans could get fresh water from deep sinkholes called _____?

Cenotes

12

What were the three geographical areas where Mayans built their homes?

Rainforests
High plateaus
Lowlands

13

What is the most famous archeological find of the Olmecs?

Giant heads

14

Describe how the Mayans looked:

- 5' tall
- thick, dark hair in braids
- tattoos
- pierced ears
- men and women filed teeth and added jade
- long noses and foreheads
- parents made babies bones grow in a cone shape
- mayans preferred crossed eyes
- men shaved their heads to show slopes