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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Identification Deck (20):
1

written constitution that stated as law what the Continental Congress was already doing in fact

Articles of Confederation

2

chief American negotiator of the Peace Paris

John Jay

3

formally ended the War for American Indepence

Treaty of Paris

4

provided a way to govern lands bounded by the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers and the great Lakes while they were growing from territory to statehood

Northwest Ordinance

5

marked the 1st time an American court ruled a law unconstitutional

Trevett v. Weeden

6

Lent prestige to the Constitutional Convention because of his long and distinguished career

Benjamin Franklin

7

presided over the Constitutional Convention

George Washington

8

did most of the writing among the younger men of the Constitutional Convention

James Madison

9

delagates had been authorized by their state legislatures only to try to patch up the Articles of Confederation but they delegates elected a chairman and drafted the US Constitution

Constitutional Convention

10

feeling of national identity and pride

Nationalism

11

resolved the differences between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan

Great Compromise

12

compromise that allowed slaves to be counted in determining the number of representatives a state could have in Congress

Three-fifths Compromise

13

Branch of government charged with carrying out laws

Executive branch

14

Law making branch of government

Legislative branch

15

Branch of government charged with interpreting and enforcing laws

Judicial branch

16

System of which each branch of the federal government

Checks and balances

17

state conventions to ratify the constitution

Ratifying Conventions

18

idea that the US government has certain powers and state governments have certian other powers

Federalism

19

Co-author of the Federalist Papers; he led the Federalists at the New York ratifying convention

Alexander Hamilton

20

series of newspaper articles that explained and defended the new constitution

Federalist Papers