European History - Europe from 1871-1914 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in European History - Europe from 1871-1914 Deck (15):
1

What is the other name for the 2nd Industrial Revolution?

Technological Revolution

2

With what discovery did the 2nd industrial revolution begin?

the discovery of steel

3

Where is the Suez Canal, and why is it important?

Mediterranean to Red Sea, halved the amount of time it took to travel from Great Britain to India

4

7 inventions

1. ice-making machine
2. telegraph
3. telephone
4. automobiles
5. airplane
6. phonograph
7. motion pictures

5

7 developments in science and health

1. electromagnetism
2. laws of thermodynamics
3. periodic table
4. anesthesia
5. germ theory
6. importance of hand washing
7. x-rays

6

People of what professions made up the new middle class?

manufacturers, lawyers, doctors, and engineers

7

What were some of the new opportunities available to the middle class?

tourism, department stores, running water, central heating, one servant

8

How did Bernstain and Kautsky modify Marx's vision of Socialism?

-reform within capitalist framework instead of violent revolutions
-focus on improving workers' lives

9

What are some specific ways the R. C. Church reacted to the upheavals of the 19th century?

-pope flees during revolution (1848)
-1st vatican council - papal teachings = infallible (1870)
-syllabus of errors (denounced socialism/liberalism - 1864)

10

Who said that God is an imaginary being that we've created in our own image?

David Strauss

11

Who said we must distinguish between the "Christ of Faith" and the "Jesus of History"?

Ludwig Feuerbach

12

What is a pogrom?

an organized persecution/extermination of an ethnic group, esp. of Jews; Yiddish for "destruction"

13

Name three 18-19th century authors who advocated increased rights for women.

Olympia de Gourge, Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill

14

In what year did women gain the right to vote in England and Germany?

1918

15

What new fields of study arose as "social/behavioral sciences"?

-psychology
-anthropology
-history
-sociology
-archaeology